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  1. Content type: Research

    Gynaecomastia is associated with exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART), in particular efavirenz. There is limited data on clinical characteristics of patients with ART-associated gynaecomastia in resource-l...

    Authors: Christine Njuguna, Annoesjka Swart, Marc Blockman, Gary Maartens, Briony Chisholm, Annemie Stewart, Anri Uys and Karen Cohen

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:40

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  2. Content type: Research

    In many countries in Asia, the HIV epidemic is in a concentrated phase, with high prevalence in certain risk groups, such as men who inject drugs. There is also a rapid increase of HIV among women. The latter ...

    Authors: Vu Van Tam, Do Duy Cuong, Tobias Alfven, Ho Dang Phuc, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc, Nguyen Phuong Hoa, Vinod Diwan and Mattias Larsson

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:39

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  3. Content type: Research

    The success of antiretroviral therapy in resource-scarce settings is an illustration that complex healthcare interventions can be successfully delivered even in fragile health systems. Documenting the success ...

    Authors: Jared O. Mecha, Elizabeth N. Kubo, Lucy W. Nganga, Peter N. Muiruri, Lilian N. Njagi, Immaculate N. Mutisya, Justine J. Odionyi, Syokau C. Ilovi, Mary Wambui, Christopher Githu, Richard Ngethe, Elizabeth M. Obimbo and Zipporah W. Ngumi

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:38

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  4. Content type: Research

    After 30 years, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains an epidemic of global concern. To support the increasing emphasis on biomedical interventions for prevention requires a renewed and reframed focus...

    Authors: Sanyukta Mathur, Dina Romo, Mariko Rasmussen, Neema Nakyanjo, Fred Nalugoda and John S. Santelli

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:37

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  5. Content type: Research

    CD4 cells are a type of white blood cells that plays a significant role in protecting humans from infectious diseases. Lack of information on associated factors on CD4 cell count reduction is an obstacle for i...

    Authors: Awoke Seyoum, Principal Ndlovu and Temesgen Zewotir

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:36

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  6. Content type: Review

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has undoubtedly increased the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) globally, posing a formidable global health challenge affecting 1.2 million cases. Pulmonary TB assumes ...

    Authors: Narendran Gopalan, Padmapriyadarsini Chandrasekaran, Soumya Swaminathan and Srikanth Tripathy

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:34

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  7. Content type: Review

    Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption ...

    Authors: Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo and Edwin Wouters

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:33

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  8. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutritional status at the start of highly active anti-retroviral therapy on treatment outcomes among HIV/AIDS patients taking HAART at Jimma University Spe...

    Authors: Sadikalmahdi Hussen, Tefera Belachew and Nezif Hussien

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:32

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  9. Content type: Review

    The first-generation integrase inhibitors (INIs) raltegravir (RAL) and elvitegravir (EVG) have shown efficacy against HIV infection, but they have the limitations of once-more daily dosing and extensive cross-...

    Authors: Junjun Jiang, Xi Xu, Wenqin Guo, Jinming Su, Jiegang Huang, Bingyu Liang, Hui Chen, Ning Zang, Yanyan Liao, Li Ye and Hao Liang

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:30

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  10. Content type: Research

    Over the last decade, Ethiopia adopted different strategies of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Prior to implementation of Option A in 2011, there was no provision of prophylaxis for ...

    Authors: Tolessa Olana, Tigist Bacha, Walelign Worku and Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:29

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  11. Content type: Research

    WHO recommends using Tenofovir containing first line antiretroviral therapy (ART), however, Tenofovir has been reported to be associated with renal impairment and dysfunction. We compared renal function among ...

    Authors: Tino Salome, Ivan Kasamba, Billy Nsubuga Mayanja, Patrick Kazooba, Jackson Were, Pontiano Kaleebu and Paula Munderi

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:28

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  12. Content type: Review

    After a period where it was recommended to start antiretroviral therapy (ART) early, the CD4 threshold for treating asymptomatic adults dropped to 200/mm3 at the beginning of the 2000s. This was mostly due to a g...

    Authors: Serge P. Eholié, Anani Badje, Gérard M. Kouame, Jean-Baptiste N’takpe, Raoul Moh, Christine Danel and Xavier Anglaret

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:27

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  13. Content type: Research

    People who inject drugs (PWID) living with HIV often experience sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment outcomes, including HIV plasma viral load (PVL) rebound. While previous studies have identifie...

    Authors: Will Small, M. J. Milloy, Ryan McNeil, Lisa Maher and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:26

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  14. Content type: Research

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment interruptions lead to poor clinical outcomes with unplanned or unstructured TIs (uTIs) likely to be underreported. This study describes; uTIs, their risk factors and asso...

    Authors: James H. McMahon, Tim Spelman, Nathan Ford, Jane Greig, Anita Mesic, Charles Ssonko, Esther C. Casas and Daniel P. O’Brien

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:25

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  15. Content type: Research

    To optimise care HIV patients need to be promptly initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and subsequently retained on treatment. In this study we report on the interval between enrolment and treatment initi...

    Authors: Jeremy Philip Brown, Bagrey Ngwira, Terence Tafatatha, Amelia Catharine Crampin, Neil French and Olivier Koole

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:24

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  16. Content type: Review

    Tuberculosis (TB) has been the most common opportunistic infection and cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, especially in resource-limited countries. Clinical manifestations of TB vary and depend on...

    Authors: Weerawat Manosuthi, Surasak Wiboonchutikul and Somnuek Sungkanuparph

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:22

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  17. Content type: Review

    Despite the combined antiretroviral therapy has improved the length and quality of life of HIV infected patients, the survival of these patients is always decreased compared with the general population. This i...

    Authors: Gabriella d’Ettorre, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Paolo Pavone, Pietro Vittozzi, Gabriella De Girolamo, Ivan Schietroma, Sara Serafino, Noemi Giustini and Vincenzo Vullo

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:21

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  18. Content type: Short report

    Cognitive function is reported to improve after the initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Data on the evolution of such changes are limited. We assessed the dynamics of changes in cognitive ...

    Authors: Borja Mora-Peris, Elizabeth Stevens, Francesca Ferretti, Jonathan Underwood, Stephen Taylor and Alan Winston

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:20

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  19. Content type: Review

    Over the past 10 years, extensive work has been carried out in the field of microbial translocation in HIV infection, ranging from studies on its clinical significance to investigations on its pathogenic featu...

    Authors: Camilla Tincati, Daniel C. Douek and Giulia Marchetti

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:19

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  20. Content type: Short report

    To describe the development and the psychometric properties of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità-HIV symptoms scale (lSS-HIV symptoms scale).

    Authors: Raffaella Bucciardini, Katherina Pugliese, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Miriam Cognigni, Chiara Tontini, Stefano Lucattini, Luca Fucili, Massimiliano Di Gregorio, Marco Mirra, Vincenzo Fragola, Sara Pompili, Rita Murri and Stefano Vella

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:18

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  21. Content type: Research

    In the ANRS EASIER trial where treatment-experienced patients switched from enfuvirtide (ENF) to raltegravir (RAL), a high incidence of transaminase elevation was reported in the RAL arm.

    Authors: Nathalie de Castro, Joséphine Braun, Isabelle Charreau, Alain Lafeuillade, Jean-Paul Viard, Clotilde Allavena, Jean-Pierre Aboulker and Jean-Michel Molina

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:17

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  22. Content type: Research

    The uncertain etiology of HIV viral load (VL) blips may lead to increased use of clinical resources. We evaluated the association of self-reported adherence (SRA) and antiretroviral (ART) drug levels on blip o...

    Authors: Aaron Farmer, Xun Wang, Anuradha Ganesan, Robert G. Deiss, Brian K. Agan, Thomas A. O’Bryan, Kevin Akers and Jason F. Okulicz

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:16

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  23. Content type: Research

    Women in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be at greater risk for HIV acquisition than men. Concurrency, viz. multiple sexual partnerships that overlap over time, has been studied as a possible risk factor for HI...

    Authors: Zakir Gaffoor, Handan Wand, Renée A. Street, Nathlee Abbai and Gita Ramjee

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:14

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  24. Content type: Research

    HIV is usually associated with weight loss. World health Organization (WHO) recommends early antiretroviral (ART) initiation, but data on the progression of body mass index (BMI) in participants initiating ear...

    Authors: Calixte Guehi, Anani Badjé, Delphine Gabillard, Eric Ouattara, Serge Olivier Koulé, Raoul Moh, Didier Ekouevi, Hugues Ahibo, Jean Baptiste N’Takpé, Gérard Kouamé Menan, Nina Deschamps, Jerôme Lecarrou, Serge Eholié, Xavier Anglaret and Christine Danel

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:12

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  25. Content type: Research

    Ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) is increasingly used as a component of food rations for adults with HIV.

    Authors: Anne G. Beckett, Debbie Humphries, J. Gregory Jerome, Jessica E. Teng, Patrick Ulysse and Louise C. Ivers

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:11

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  26. Content type: Research

    Regimen change is a major challenge for the sustainability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment program. In a resource limited setting where treatment options are limited, designing strategies to in...

    Authors: Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Zinahbizu Abay Alemayehu and Berihun Assefa Dachew

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:10

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  27. Content type: Research

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Rapid diagnostic Test (RDT) kits are the preferred assays for HIV testing in many countries. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission, Know Your Status Campaigns, Blood-Saf...

    Authors: Raymond Boadu, George Darko, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo and Bismark Sarfo

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:9

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  28. Content type: Research

    Long acting antiretroviral drugs represent a promising approach for chronic treatment of HIV infection. Here, we study the efficacy and safety of albuvirtide (ABT), an HIV-1 fusion inhibitor with a half life ...

    Authors: Hongwei Zhang, Ronghua Jin, Cheng Yao, Tong Zhang, Meixia Wang, Wei Xia, Haiyan Peng, Xiaojuan Wang, Rongjian Lu, Changjin Wang, Dong Xie and Hao Wu

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:8

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  29. Content type: Short report

    Previous studies with BIT225 (N-carbamimidoyl-5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2-naphthamide) have demonstrated a unique antiviral activity that blocks the release of HIV-1 from monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). An...

    Authors: Gabriela Khoury, Gary Ewart, Carolyn Luscombe, Michelle Miller and John Wilkinson

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:7

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  30. Content type: Research

    Because of the shared mean of transmission, hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of an important cause of co-morbidity and mortality in peoples living with HIV/AIDS. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the...

    Authors: Letebrhan Weldemhret, Tsehaye Asmelash, Rashmi Belodu and Dawit Gebreegziabiher

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:6

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  31. Content type: Review

    Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) has shown high efficacy in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in several large clinical trials, and more recently in “...

    Authors: Hyman M. Scott and Jeffrey D. Klausner

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:5

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  32. Content type: Research

    To estimate the adult prevalence of HIV among the adult population in Zambia and determine whether demographic characteristics were associated with being HIV positive.

    Authors: Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Nathan Kapata, Eveline Klinkenberg, Ngosa William, Liwewe Mazyanga, Katoba Musukwa, Elizabeth Chizema Kawesha, Felix Masiye and Peter Mwaba

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:4

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  33. Content type: Research

    Since the first HIV-1 case in 1989, Hebei province has presented a clearly rising trend of HIV-1 prevalence, and HIV-1 genetic diversity has become the vital barrier to HIV prevention and control in this area....

    Authors: Xinli Lu, Cuiying Zhao, Wei Wang, Chenxi Nie, Yuqi Zhang, Hongru Zhao, Suliang Chen and Ze Cui

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:3

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  34. Content type: Research

    Rates of first antiretroviral therapy (cART) modifications are high in most observational studies. The age-related differences in treatment duration and characteristics of first cART modifications remain under...

    Authors: Justyna D. Kowalska, Joanna Kubicka, Ewa Siwak, Piotr Pulik, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka and Andrzej Horban

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:2

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Novel fourth generation screening and confirmatory human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) assays are now commercially available and incorporated into new diagnostic algorithms. We report two cases involving a tota...

    Authors: Peter Liu, Patrick Jackson, Nathan Shaw and Scott Heysell

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2016 13:1

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  36. Content type: Short report

    This short report arose from a follow-up study of children previously diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encephalopathy and spastic diplegia and is among the first to describe that increased low...

    Authors: Theresa N. Mann, Kirsten A. Donald, Kathleen G. Walker and Nelleke G. Langerak

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:43

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  37. Content type: Research

    The risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) from some rural parts of Africa is not well known. We assessed CVD risk factors, ...

    Authors: Felistas Mashinya, Marianne Alberts, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden and Robert Colebunders

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:42

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  38. Content type: Research

    Late diagnosis and presentation to human immune deficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome care reduce the benefits of antiretroviral therapy and increase the risk of HIV transmission.

    Authors: Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Goitom Halefom Senbete, Akelew Awoke Adane and Kefyalew Addis Alene

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:40

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  39. Content type: Research

    An increasing number of patients in Africa are experiencing virologic failure on second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) and those who develop resistance to protease inhibitors (PI) will require third-line A...

    Authors: Graeme Meintjes, Liezl Dunn, Marla Coetsee, Michael Hislop, Rory Leisegang, Leon Regensberg and Gary Maartens

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:39

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  40. Content type: Short report

    Access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource-limited countries has increased significantly but scaling-up ART into semi-rural and rural areas is more recent. Information on treatment outcome in such ar...

    Authors: Abla A. Konou, Mounerou Salou, Nicole Vidal, Pascal Kodah, Damobé Kombate, Pyabalo Kpanla, Tchabia Nabroulaba, Djifa Nyametso, Assétina Singo-Tokofaï, Palokinam Pitche, Eric Delaporte, Mireille Prince-David, Martine Peeters and Anoumou Y. Dagnra

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:38

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  41. Content type: Research

    Community-drug distribution point is a care model for stable patients in the community designed to make ART delivery more efficient for the health system and provide appropriate support to encourage long-term ...

    Authors: Stephen Okoboi, Erin Ding, Steven Persuad, Jonathan Wangisi, Josephine Birungi, Susan Shurgold, Darius Kato, Maureen Nyonyintono, Aggrey Egessa, Celestin Bakanda, Paula Munderi, Pontiano Kaleebu and David M. Moore

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:37

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  42. Content type: Review

    The development of HIV related pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) reduces the probability of survival by half as compared with HIV-infected individuals without HIV related PAH. HIV infected patients have a ...

    Authors: Jean Joel R. Bigna, Paule Sandra D. Sime and Sinata Koulla-Shiro

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:36

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  43. Content type: Research

    Identifying those at increased risk of death during TB treatment is a priority in resource-constrained settings. We performed this study to determine predictors of mortality during TB treatment.

    Authors: Dominique J. Pepper, Michael Schomaker, Robert J. Wilkinson, Virginia de Azevedo and Gary Maartens

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:35

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  44. Content type: Research

    CCR5-using (r5) HIV-1 predominates during asymptomatic disease followed by occasional emergence of CXCR4-using (x4) or dual tropic (r5x4) virus. We examined the contribution of the x4 and r5 components to repl...

    Authors: Immaculate L Nankya, Denis M Tebit, Awet Abraha, Fred Kyeyune, Richard Gibson, Oyebisi Jegede, Gabrielle Nickel and Eric J Arts

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2015 12:34

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