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  1. Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) tablet compared to the soft gel capsule (SGC) formulation has no oleic acid or sorbitol, has no refrigeration or food-restriction requirements, and has less pharmacokinetic variabil...

    Authors: Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Susan K Chuck, Brian Schmotzer and Kelly L O'Neil

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:29

    Content type: Research

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  2. HIV-1 epidemic in India is largely driven by subtype C but other subtypes or recombinants have also been reported from several states of India. This is mainly due to the co-circulation of other genetic subtype...

    Authors: Ujjwal Neogi, Vikas Sood, Arpita Chowdhury, Shukla Das, Vishnampettai G Ramachandran, Vijesh K Sreedhar, Ajay Wanchu, Nilanjana Ghosh and Akhil C Banerjea

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:28

    Content type: Short report

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  3. With the advent of entry inhibitors, monitoring of viral tropism in the clinical setting is important. Conventional methods are cell-based and lengthy, therefore V3 sequence based prediction algorithms are bec...

    Authors: Viswanath Ragupathy, Jiangqin Zhao, Xue Wang, Owen Wood, Sherwin Lee, Sherri Burda, Phillipe Nyambi and Indira Hewlett

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:27

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Fenofibrate changed the expression of chemokine genes in circulating leukocytes of HIV-infected patients with hypertriglyceridemia. The data suggest that fenofibrate when effective in the treatment of lipoprot...

    Authors: Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Gerard Aragonès, Raúl Beltrán-Debón, Laura Fernández-Sender, Anna Rull, Jordi Camps, Josep M Alegret and Jorge Joven

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:26

    Content type: Short report

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  5. Snake and insect venoms have been demonstrated to have beneficial effects in the treatment of certain diseases including drug resistant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We evaluated and hypothesiz...

    Authors: Ramachandran Meenakshisundaram, Shah Sweni and Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:25

    Content type: Review

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  6. WR1065 is the free-thiol metabolite of the cytoprotective aminothiol amifostine, which is used clinically at very high doses to protect patients against toxicity induced by radiation and chemotherapy. In an ea...

    Authors: Miriam C Poirier, Ofelia A Olivero, Andrew W Hardy, Genoveffa Franchini, Jennifer P Borojerdi, Vernon E Walker, Dale M Walker and Gene M Shearer

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:24

    Content type: Research

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  7. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are an important category of drugs for both chemotherapy and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. However, current non-h...

    Authors: Yonghou Jiang, Baoping Tian, Mohammed Saifuddin, Michael B Agy, Peter Emau, J Scott Cairns and Che-Chung Tsai

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  8. A high incidence of rash has been reported in HIV-1 patients who received the anti-retroviral drug nevirapine. In addition, several studies have suggested that polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes...

    Authors: Sirirat Likanonsakul, Tippawan Rattanatham, Siriluk Feangvad, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Wisit Prasithsirikul, Preecha Tunthanathip, Emi E Nakayama and Tatsuo Shioda

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  9. With African health-care systems facing exploding demand for HIV care, reliable methods for assessing adherence and its influencing factors are needed to guide effective public-health measures. This study eval...

    Authors: Mathieu Rougemont, Beat E Stoll, Nadia Elia and Peter Ngang

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  10. HIV-1 infects gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) very early after transmission by multiple routes. The infected GALT consequently serves as the major reservoir for HIV-1 infection and could constantly shed...

    Authors: Ayan K Chakrabarti, Lori Caruso, Ming Ding, Chengli Shen, William Buchanan, Phalguni Gupta, Charles R Rinaldo and Yue Chen

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  11. Protease inhibitors such as ritonavir can cause nausea and vomiting which is the most common reason for discontinuation. Rats react to nauseous and emetic stimuli by increasing their oral intake of non-nutriti...

    Authors: Chun-Su Yuan, Chong-Zhi Wang, Sangeeta R Mehendale, Han H Aung, Adela Foo and Robert J Israel

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:19

    Content type: Research

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  12. Roche's protease inhibitor nelfinavir mesylate (Viracept®) produced between March 2007-June 2007 was found to contain elevated levels of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS), a known mutagen (alkylator) – leading to a gl...

    Authors: Anton Pozniak, Lutz Müller, Miklos Salgo, Judith K Jones, Peter Larson and David Tweats

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:18

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Many HIV-infected patients only access health care once they have developed advanced symptomatic disease resulting from AIDS Defining Conditions (ADCs). We carried out a study to establish the effect of ADCs o...

    Authors: Brian K Kigozi, Samwel Sumba, Peter Mudyope, Betty Namuddu, Joan Kalyango, Charles Karamagi, Mathew Odere, Elly Katabira, Peter Mugyenyi and Francis Ssali

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  14. To immunophenotype CD4+ and CD8+ T cell sub-populations in HIV-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS).

    Authors: David M Murdoch, Melinda S Suchard, Willem DF Venter, Patrick Mhlangu, Janet S Ottinger, Charles Feldman, Annelies Van Rie, Deborah K Glencross, Wendy S Stevens and Kent J Weinhold

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:16

    Content type: Research

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  15. The latency of HIV-1 in resting CD4+ T-lymphocytes constitutes a major obstacle for the eradication of virus in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). As yet, no approach to reduce this viral reservoir has pro...

    Authors: Annica Lindkvist, Arvid Edén, Melissa M Norström, Veronica D Gonzalez, Staffan Nilsson, Bo Svennerholm, Annika C Karlsson, Johan K Sandberg, Anders Sönnerborg and Magnus Gisslén

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  16. HIV-1 integrase (IN) is an attractive target for the development of drugs to treat AIDS, and inhibitors of this viral enzyme are already in the clinic. Nevertheless, there is a continuing need to devise new ap...

    Authors: Mark D Andrake, Joseph Ramcharan, George Merkel, Xue Zhi Zhao, Terrence R Burke Jr and Anna Marie Skalka

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:14

    Content type: Methodology

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  17. Antiretrovirals used to treat HIV-infected patients have the potential to adversely affect serum lipid profiles and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease which is an emerging concern among HIV-infected p...

    Authors: Anuradha Ganesan, Lorie Benning, Elizabeth T Golub, Mark Riddle, Nancy Crum-Cianflone, Sybil Tasker, Lisa Jacobson and Stephen J Gange

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:13

    Content type: Short report

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  18. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is increasing in resource-limited settings (RLS) and can successfully reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, virologic failure and development of viral drug...

    Authors: Kim Steegen, Stanley Luchters, Kenny Dauwe, Jacqueline Reynaerts, Kishor Mandaliya, Walter Jaoko, Jean Plum, Marleen Temmerman and Chris Verhofstede

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:12

    Content type: Short report

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  19. Non-invasive surrogate measures which are valid and responsive to change are needed to study cardiovascular risks in HIV. We compared the construct validity of two noninvasive arterial measures: carotid intima...

    Authors: Adefowope Odueyungbo, Marek Smieja, Lehana Thabane, Fiona Smaill, Kevin Gough, John Gill, Todd Anderson, Dawn Elston, Sandy Smith, Joseph Beyene and Eva Lonn

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  20. Two HIV-1 infected patients developed signs and symptoms consistent with adrenal suppression after being exposed to intra-articular triamcinolone acetate while also receiving ritonavir as part of their highly ...

    Authors: Kathryn Dort, Shetal Padia, Brian Wispelwey and Christopher C Moore

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:10

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Successful treatment of HIV-positive patients is fundamental to controlling the progression to AIDS. Causes of treatment failure are either related to drug resistance and/or insufficient drug levels in the blo...

    Authors: IRichard Thompson, Penelope Bidgood, Andrea Petróczi, James CW Denholm-Price and Mark D Fielder

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:9

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  22. Fat abnormalities are common among HIV-infected persons, but few studies have compared regional body fat distribution, including visceral fat, in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected persons and their subsequent tr...

    Authors: Todd T Brown, Xiaoqiang Xu, Majnu John, Jaya Singh, Lawrence A Kingsley, Frank J Palella, Mallory D Witt, Joseph B Margolick and Adrian S Dobs

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  23. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has an estimated prevalence of 0.9% in India (5.2 million). Anti-retroviral drugs (ARV) are the treatments of choice and non-adherence is an important factor in treatment failur...

    Authors: Mary B Cauldbeck, Catherine O'Connor, Mortimer B O'Connor, Jean A Saunders, Bhimasena Rao, V G Mallesh, Nagendrappa Kotehalappa Praveen Kumar, Gurushanthappa Mamtha, Claire McGoldrick, Robert BS Laing and Kadappa Shivappa Satish

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  24. Prognosis for patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has improved with the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Evidence over recent years suggests that the incidence of ...

    Authors: Julián Olalla, Daniel Salas, Javier de la Torre, Alfonso del Arco, José Luis Prada, Francisco Martos, Emilio Perea-Milla and Javier García-Alegría

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:6

    Content type: Review

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  25. Most in vitro assays of drug potency may not adequately predict the performance in vivo. Methods to assess the persistence of antiviral activity of deoxynucleoside analogs, which require intracellular activati...

    Authors: Elijah Paintsil, Susan P Grill, Ginger E Dutschman and Yung-Chi Cheng

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  26. About 20–30% of persons with HIV infection, especially those living in countries with limited resources, experience an immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after starting antiretroviral treatment...

    Authors: Anali Conesa-Botella, Chantal Mathieu, Robert Colebunders, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Evelyne van Etten, Lut Lynen and Luc Kestens

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:4

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  27. Traditional first line regimens containing a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor or protease inhibitor may not be suitable for a subset of antiretroviral-naïve patients such as those with certain co...

    Authors: Princy N Kumar, Patricia Salvato, Anthony LaMarca, Edwin DeJesus, Parul Patel, Daniel McClernon, Allison Florance and Mark S Shaefer

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  28. The selection of agents for any treatment regimen is in part influenced by physician and patient attitudes. This study investigated attitudinal motivators and barriers to the use of self-injectable antiretrovi...

    Authors: Robert Horne, Colin Kovacs, Christine Katlama, Bonaventura Clotet, Carmina R Fumaz, Michael Youle, Ranjababu Kulasegaram, Martin Fisher, Calvin Cohen, Jihad Slim, Peter Shalit, Vanessa Cooper and Christos Tsoukas

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  29. HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk for acute and chronic airway disease even though there is no evidence that the virus can infect the lung epithelium. Although HIV-related proteins including gp120...

    Authors: Coy Lassiter, Xian Fan, Pratibha C Joshi, Barbara A Jacob, Roy L Sutliff, Dean P Jones, Michael Koval and David M Guidot

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2009 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  30. CD4 count is a standard measure of immunodeficiency in adults infected with HIV to initiate and monitor highly active antiretroviral therapy; however, it may not be feasible in resource poor countries. There i...

    Authors: Deresse Daka and Eskindir Loha

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  31. Allopathic practitioners in India are outnumbered by practitioners of traditional Indian medicine and homeopathy (TIMH), which is used by up to two-thirds of its population to help meet primary health care nee...

    Authors: M Fritts, CC Crawford, D Quibell, A Gupta, WB Jonas, I Coulter and SA Andrade

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  32. To evaluate the feasibility of a large immediate versus deferred antiretroviral therapy (ART) study in children.

    Authors: Jintanat Ananworanich, Pope Kosalaraksa, Umaporn Siangphoe, Chulapan Engchanil, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Jintana Intasan, Wichitra Apateerapong, Theshinee Chuenyam, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, Torsak Bunupuradah, Joep Lange, David A Cooper and Praphan Phanuphak

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:24

    Content type: Research

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  33. A proportion of individuals who start antiretroviral therapy (ART) fail to achieve adequate CD4 cell reconstitution despite sustained viral suppression. We determined the frequency and clinical significance of...

    Authors: Damalie Nakanjako, Agnes Kiragga, Fowzia Ibrahim, Barbara Castelnuovo, Moses R Kamya and Philippa J Easterbrook

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:23

    Content type: Research

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  34. T-cell mediated immunity likely plays an important role in controlling HIV-1 infection and progression to AIDS. Several candidate vaccines against HIV-1 aim at stimulating cellular immune responses, either alo...

    Authors: Sarah Kutscher, Claudia J Dembek, Simone Allgayer, Silvia Heltai, Birgit Stadlbauer, Priscilla Biswas, Silvia Nozza, Giuseppe Tambussi, Johannes R Bogner, Hans J Stellbrink, Frank D Goebel, Paolo Lusso, Marco Tinelli, Guido Poli, Volker Erfle, Heike Pohla…

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:22

    Content type: Methodology

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  35. The tablet formulation of ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r; Kaletra®) has many advantages over the soft gel capsule (SGC) formulation, including lower pill count, no refrigeration requirement, and no dietary re...

    Authors: Shannon Schrader, Susan K Chuck, Laurie W Rahn, Paras Parekh and Katherine G Emrich

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:21

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Newer antiretroviral (ARV) agents have improved pharmacokinetics, potency, and tolerability and have enabled the design of regimens with improved virologic outcomes. Successful antiretroviral therapy is depend...

    Authors: William C Mathews, Eva Barker, Erica Winter, Craig Ballard, Bradford Colwell and Susanne May

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:20

    Content type: Research

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  37. Recently revised statistics show the number of individuals living with HIV at over 33 million worldwide, with 68% being in sub-Saharan Africa. Current HIV prevention methods, such as condom use, monogamy and a...

    Authors: Gita Ramjee, Gustavo F Doncel, Sanjay Mehendale, Elizabeth E Tolley and Kim Dickson

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:19

    Content type: Review

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  38. Current diagnostic assays for HIV-1 do not always test for the presence of HIV-2 in the United States. We present the case of a patient from Cape Verde, who was admitted to our hospital with rapidly deteriorat...

    Authors: Philip A Chan, Sarah E Wakeman, Timothy Flanigan, Susan Cu-Uvin, Erna Kojic and Rami Kantor

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:18

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is a major public health challenge in Zimbabwe.

    Authors: Avinash K Shetty, Caroline Marangwanda, Lynda Stranix-Chibanda, Winfreda Chandisarewa, Elizabeth Chirapa, Agnes Mahomva, Anna Miller, Micah Simoyi and Yvonne Maldonado

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:17

    Content type: Research

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  40. Access to antiretroviral drugs for HIV-1 infection has increased in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) during the past few years. Mutations in the HIV-1 genome are often associated with treatment failure as indicated by...

    Authors: Balthazar M Nyombi, Carol Holm-Hansen, Knut I Kristiansen, Gunnar Bjune and Fredrik Müller

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  41. Human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) induces adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL/L), a fatal lymphoproliferative disorder, and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), a chro...

    Authors: Emmanuel Agbottah, Wen-I Yeh, Reem Berro, Zachary Klase, Caitlin Pedati, Kyleen Kehn-Hall, Weilin Wu and Fatah Kashanchi

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  42. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-based gene delivery systems are popular due to their superior efficiency of transduction of primary cells. However, these systems cannot be readily used for delivery...

    Authors: Narasimhachar Srinivasakumar

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  43. Terpenoid derivatives originating from many plants species, are interesting compounds with numerous biological effects, such as anti-HIV-1 activity. The zinc tetra-ascorbo-camphorate complex (or "C14"), a new ...

    Authors: Héla Saïdi, Mohammad-Ali Jenabian, Bernard Gombert, Charlotte Charpentier, Aurèle Mannarini and Laurent Bélec

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:10

    Content type: Research

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  44. Immune restoration disease (IRD) is an adverse consequence of antiretroviral therapy, where the restored pathogen-specific response causes immunopathology. Mycobacteria are the pathogens that most frequently p...

    Authors: Andrew Lim, Lloyd D'Orsogna, Patricia Price and Martyn A French

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:9

    Content type: Short report

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  45. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and the consequent acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has protean manifestations, including muscle wasting and cardiomyopathy, which contribute to i...

    Authors: Jeffrey S Otis, Yaroslav I Ashikhmin, Lou AnnS Brown and David M Guidot

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:8

    Content type: Research

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  46. According to Vietnamese policy, HIV-infected women should have access at least to HIV testing and Nevirapine prophylaxis, or where available, to adequate counselling, HIV infection staging, ARV prophylaxis, an...

    Authors: Thu Anh Nguyen, Pauline Oosterhoff, Yen Pham Ngoc, Pamela Wright and Anita Hardon

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:7

    Content type: Research

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  47. Although Venezuela has a National Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Program offering free diagnosis and treatment, 41% of patients present for diagnosis at a later disease-stage, indicating that access to car...

    Authors: Maeva A Bonjour, Morelba Montagne, Martha Zambrano, Gloria Molina, Catherine Lippuner, Francis G Wadskier, Milvida Castrillo, Renzo N Incani and Adriana Tami

    Citation: AIDS Research and Therapy 2008 5:6

    Content type: Research

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