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Table 5 HDQ episodic scores: pre versus during COVID-19 pandemic (n = 51)

From: Disability and self-care living strategies among adults living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic

HDQ domain Spearman correlation coefficients Pre-pandemic mean (sd) HDQ episodic scores During pandemic mean (sd) HDQ episodic scores Mean (sd) change in HDQ episodic scores Paired t-test p value
Physical 0.5 12.0 (14.3) 16.7 (18.9) 4.7 (18.9) − 1.78 0.082
Cognitive 0.5 10.1 (23.1) 17.6 (33.6) 7.5 (29.5) − 1.82 0.075
Mental-emotional 0.4 13.0 (22.6) 22.3 (30.5) 9.3 (30.6) − 2.17 0.035*
Uncertainty 0.4 7.6 (18.4) 10.9 (19.7) 3.4 (16.0) − 1.50 0.140
Day-to-day activities 0.4 3.3 (8.8) 8.5 (18.4) 5.2 (16.2) − 2.30 0.026*
Social inclusion 0.4 4.5 (14.9) 5.6 (17.7) 1.1 (13.7) − 0.55 0.582
  1. HDQ episodic scores range: 0–100; degrees of freedom: 50
  2. ***Indicates p < 0.001
  3. **Indicates 0.001 < p ≤ 0.01
  4. *Indicates 0.01 < p ≤ 0.05