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Table 4 HDQ presence scores: pre versus during COVID-19 pandemic (n = 51)

From: Disability and self-care living strategies among adults living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic

HDQ domain Spearman correlation coefficients Pre-pandemic mean (sd) HDQ presence scores During pandemic mean (sd) HDQ presence scores Mean (sd) change in HDQ presence scores Paired t-test p value
Physical 0.6 37.0 (20.9) 47.3 (24.8) 10.3 (20.7) − 3.56 0.001***
Cognitive 0.6 49.3 (41.6) 56.2 (42.9) 6.9 (37.9) − 1.29 0.202
Mental-emotional 0.6 54.8 (31.6) 72.5 (25.9) 17.7 (26.2) − 4.84  < 0.001***
Uncertainty 0.8 60.8 (29.4) 61.8 (26.3) 1.0 (17.3) − 0.41 0.687
Day-to-day activities 0.6 31.0 (28.0) 36.2 (34.1) 5.1 (26.0) − 1.41 0.166
Social inclusion 0.8 52.5 (31.3) 56.7 (30.6) 4.2 (18.7) − 1.59 0.118
  1. HDQ presence scores range: 0–100; degrees of freedom: 50
  2. *Indicates significant change score p < 0.05
  3. ***Indicates p < 0.001
  4. **Indicates 0.001 < p ≤ 0.01
  5. *Indicates 0.01 < p ≤ 0.05