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Table 3 Quality appraisal of studies with quantitative estimates of outcomes

From: Barriers to and enablers of uptake of antiretroviral therapy in integrated HIV and tuberculosis treatment programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Clear research question(s)/
objectives
Clearly defined study population Participation
rate ≥ 50%
Selection from same population Justified sample size and study power Exposures measured prior to outcomes Reasonable timeframe for effect Different levels of exposure Clearly defined exposure measures Repeated measure of exposure Clearly defined outcomes Blinded outcome assessors Loss to follow-up ≤ 20% Measured and adjusted confounders Overall rating
Burnett, 2018 Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell No Yes Moderate
Ferroussier, 2013 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Gasana, 2008 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Harris, 2008 No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No Can’t tell No No Moderate
Shaffer, 2011 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Simieneh, 2017 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Takarinda, 2012 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Tweya, 2014 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Good
Van Rie, 2014 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Kumwenda, 2011 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Pepper, 2011 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes Yes Good
Ndagijimana, 2015 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Njozing, 2010 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Good
Patel, 2014 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes Yes Moderate
Hermans, 2012 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Huerga, 2010 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Kanyerere, 2012 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Ledibane, 2015 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Owiti, 2015 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Pathmanathan, 2018 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Ansa, 2014 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Good
Van Lettow, 2011 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
Phiri, 2011 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Can’t tell Yes No Moderate
  1. N/B: The table also includes the three studies [22, 31, 34] that quantitatively assessed factors associated with (i.e. barriers and/or enablers of) ART uptake