Skip to main content

Table 1 Studies with estimates of ART uptake in the context of integrated HIV/TB treatment among adults in SSA

From: Barriers to and enablers of uptake of antiretroviral therapy in integrated HIV and tuberculosis treatment programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Author, year Study setting Study design HIV/TB co-infected Participants with required data Uptake (%)
1 Burnett, 2018 Rural Uganda Cross-sectional 179 103 47.7
2 Ferroussier, 2013 Rural and urban Benin Retrospective cohort 1255 1111 42
3 Gasana, 2008 Rural Rwanda Prospective cohort 125 125 43.2
4 Harris, 2008 Urban Zambia Prospective cohort 1006 1006 59
5 Shaffer, 2011 Rural Kenya Secondary analyses of retrospective cohort data 1911 1911 35.8
6 Simieneh, 2017 Urban Ethiopia Cross-sectional 246 246 31.7
7 Takarinda, 2012 Rural and urban Zimbabwe Retrospective cohort study 2655 2655 42
8 Tweya, 2014 (before implementation of
2011 Malawi national ART/PMTCT guidelines)
Urban Malawi Retrospective cohort 377 377 70
9 Tweya 2014 (after implementation of 2011 Malawi national ART/PMTCT guidelines) Urban Malawi Retrospective cohort 308 308 78
10 Van Rie, 2014 Urban DRC Prospective cohort study 513 513 69
11 Kumwenda, 2011 Rural and urban Malawi Retrospective cohort 996 996 38.1
12 Pepper, 2011 Urban slum, South Africa Secondary analysis of prospective cohort data 100 100 66
13 Ndagijimana, 2015 (Setting of Kicukiro) Urban Rwanda Retrospective cohort 352 352 71
14 Ndagijimana, 2015 (Setting of Rulindo) Rural Rwanda Retrospective cohort 60 60 93.8
15 Njozing, 2010 Urban and rural Cameroon Retrospective cohort 1473 1220 50.3
16 Patel, 2014 Urban DRC Prospective cohort 599 492 82.5
17 Hermans, 2012 Urban Uganda Retrospective cohort 366 228 57
18 Huerga, 2010 (short-term after integration) Rural Kenya Retrospective cohort 437 325 46.2
19 Huerga, 2010 (medium term after integration) Rural Kenya Retrospective cohort 477 332 41.3
20 Kanyerere, 2012 Urban Malawi Retrospective cohort 1190 1190 57.8
21 Ledibane, 2015 Rural and urban South Africa Cross-sectional 2761 2761 35.9
22 Owiti, 2015 Rural Kenya Retrospective cohort 323 323 60.7
23 Pathmanathan, 2018 Rural and urban Swaziland Retrospective cohort 466 277 98.9
24 Ansa, 2014 Urban Ghana Prospective and retrospective cohort 132 79 59.5
25 Van Lettow, 2011 (before policy to start ART as early as 2 weeks after commencing treatment for active TB Urban Malawi Prospective cohort study 1111 1111 21.2
26 Van Lettow, 2011 (after policy to start ART as early as 2 weeks after commencing treatment for active TB) Urban Malawi Prospective cohort study 1072 1072 28.5
27 Phiri, 2011 (ART started during
first 2 months of
TB treatment: 2008 reporting period)
Urban Malawi Case study approach 1219 1219 17
28 Phiri, 2011 (ART started during
first 2 months of
TB treatment: 2009 reporting period)
Urban Malawi Case study approach 1138 1138 38
     22,847 21,630  
  1. ART antiretroviral therapy, PMTCT prevention of maternal-to-child transmission, SSA sub-Saharan Africa