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Table 1 Findings from bivariate analysis of quality of life and memory scores v. binary demographic, socio-economic and social support variables (one-way ANOVA)

From: What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV?

  WHOQoL-HIV domain scores Total WHOQoL-HIV score Everyday memory score Trends
Physical health Psychological health Independence Social relations Environmental health Spirituality
Mean (SD) 13.0 (3.8) 12.8 (3.3) 12.9 (3.9) 12.9 (3.4) 14.4 (2.9) 13.7 (3.3) 79.7 (16.6) 1.4 (1.1)  
Gender p 0.008** 0.133 0.001** 0.038* 0.002** 0.052 0.002** 0.137 Men (27) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than women (73)
Ethnicity p 0.774 0.512 0.051 0.568 0.004** 0.581 0.382 0.481 White group (70) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than Black group (30)
Partnership p 0.129 0.036* 0.031* 0.001** 0.038* 0.119 0.009** 0.248 Partnered group (33) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than singles group (67)
Sexual orientation p 0.315 0.496 0.247 0.033* 0.001** 0.723 0.086 0.717 MSM (46) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than Other group (53)
Age p 0.152 0.340 0.167 0.993 0.242 0.417 0.230 0.386 Those aged 50–55 years (55) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than those aged ≥56 years (45)
Education p 0.024* 0.471 0.021* 0.722 0.385 0.905 0.151 <0.001*** Those with higher education (57) have higher QoL and lower memory scores than those without HE (43)
Income p 0.004** 0.236 <0.001*** 0.040* <0.001*** 0.208 0.001** 0.001** Those earning ≥£10 K/year (45) have higher QoL and lower memory scores than those earning <£10 K/year (42)
Benefits p <0.001*** <0.001*** <0.001*** 0.002** <0.001*** 0.026* <0.001*** <0.001*** Those not on benefits (45) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than those receiving benefits (55)
Children p 0.461 0.759 0.151 0.150 0.073 0.565 0.294 0.522 Those without children (48) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than those with children (52)
Grand-children p 0.116 0.180 0.001** 0.066 0.001** 0.316 0.012* 0.051 Those without grandchildren (65) have higher QoL and lower memory scores than those with grandchildren (24)
Working p 0.004** 0.019* <0.001*** 0.004** <0.001*** 0.026* <0.001*** <0.001*** Those in paid work (28) have higher QoL values and lower memory scores than those with no paid work (72)
Live alone p 0.669 0.593 0.797 0.817 0.971 0.342 0.922 0.748 Inconsistent direction of difference between those living alone (59) and those living with someone (41)
Religious p 0.793 0.483 0.076 0.102 0.001** 0.738 0.113 0.102 Those who rarely or never attend services (52) have higher QoL and lower memory scores than those who attend (48)
Support group p 0.874 0.164 0.291 0.807 0.074 0.490 0.824 0.603 Inconsistent direction of difference between those who do not attend a support group (45) and those who attend (55)
Year of diagnosis p 0.149 0.219 0.109 0.427 0.727 0.411 0.184 0.653 Those diagnosed during or after 1997 (77) have higher QoL and similar memory scores to those diagnosed earlier (21)
Age of diagnosis p 0.030* 0.019* 0.021* 0.213 0.285 0.267 0.031* 0.168 Those diagnosed at age 40 years or younger (23) have lower QoL values and higher memory scores than those diagnosed after the age of 40 (75)
  1. Findings from one-way ANOVA * 0.05 > p ≥ 0.01 ** 0.01 > p ≥ 0.001 *** p < 0.001