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Table 1 Patients’ socio-economic and clinical-laboratory characteristics at enrolment

From: HIV sero-discordance among married HIV patients initiating anti-retroviral therapy in northern Vietnam

Characteristics Sub-character Females (n = 72) Males (n = 216) p value*
(%) 95% CI (%) 95% CI
Education Secondary or less 51 39–63 48 41–55 >0.05
High school 36 25–48 42 35–49
College/university 13 6–22 11 7–16
Occupation Unemployed 12 8–17 27 23–32 <0.05
Employed 88 80–95 73 68–77
Known PLHIV in family Yes 65 59–72 27 23–31 <0.01
No 35 28–42 73 69–78
Mode of HIV infection Sexual intercourse 94 89–98 29 24–33 <0.001
IDU 4 2–8 64 59–68 <0.001
Do not know 2 0–5 7 5–10
Disclosure of HIV status Yes 92 88–95 92 91–96 >0.05
No 8 4–11 8 5–10  
History of IDU Yes 5 2–8 73 69–78 <0.001
No 95 92–96 27 23–31
Clinical stage Stage 3 or 4 33 28–39 61 58–64 <0.05
Stage 1 or 2 67 62–70 39 35–44
Duration of known HIV infection ≥2 years 36 30–41 45 40–49 >0.05
<2 year 64 57–70 55 50–60
CD4 cell count ≥100/µl 65 58–71 45 39–51 <0.01
<100/µl 35 29–41
159
159
55 50–60
99
60
CD4 cell count by group (cells/µl) 0–49
50–99
100–149
150–199
≥200
Mean
Median
18.1
12.5
16.7
22.2
30.6
159
159
  46.8
18.1
9.7
11.6
13.9
  <0.0001
Viral load by group <400
400–3499
3500–9999
10000–49999
≥50000
0
16.2
6.5
25
52.3
  0
20.8
12.5
26.4
40.3
  >0.05
  1. * Chi square test comparison between proportions of males and females