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Table 1 Factors independently associated with late presentation to HIV/AIDS Care in public hospitals of South Wollo, April 2010.

From: Factors associated with late presentation to HIV/AIDS care in South Wollo ZoneEthiopia: a case-control study

Variables Cases N (%) Controls N (%) Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
Living arrangements     
   Living alone 34 (21.2) 26 (16.2) 1 1
   Families 94 (58.8) 69 (43.1) 1.0(0.57-1.894) 3.3(1.279-8.447)
   Husband/wife 29 (18.1) 60 (37.5) 0.4(0.188-0.73) 0.6(0.173-2.424)
   Others 3 (1.9) 5(3.1) 0.5(0.10-2.097) 0.7(0.046-10.63)
Ownership residence     
   Owning 62(38.8) 100(62.5) 1 1
   Renting 98(61.2) 60(37.5) 2.6(1.678-4.14) 2.5(1.093-5.793)
Pregnancy status     
   Yes 7(6.6) 17(19.1) 1 1
   No 99(93.4) 72(80.9) 3.3(1.316-8.47) 9.3(1.928-44.82)
Perceived ART side effects     
   Yes 31(19.4) 18(11.2) 5.6(2.46-13.03) 6.2(1.63-23.82)
   No 115(71.9) 96(60) 3.9(2.041-7.59) 2.3(0.778-6.568)
   I don't know 14(8.8) 46(28.8) 1 1
Perceived HIV stigma     
   high 36(22.5) 15(9.4) 2.8(1.47-5.367) 3.1(1.094-8.764)
   low 124(77.5) 145(90.6) 1 1
Symptoms at HIV testing     
   Yes 75(46.9) 53(33.1) 1.8(1.13-2.80) 2.6(1.258-5.437)
   No 85(53.1) 107(66.9) 1 1
HIV status disclosure to partner     
   Yes 29(18.1) 61(38.1) 1 1
   No 74(46.2) 47(29.4) 3.3(1.866-5.88) 2.8(1.023-7.56)
   Not disclosed for others 57(35.6) 52(32.5) 2.3(1.29-4.12) 3.7(1.30-10.32)
Ever alcohol use     
   Never 87(54.4) 117(73.1) 1 1
   Some times 19(11.9) 19(11.9) 1.4(0.67-2.69) 0.9(0.380-2.43)
   Most of the times 54(33.8) 24(15.0) 3.03(1.74-5.27) 3.6(1.63-7.71)
Time spent with steady partner     
   Less than 24 month 8(25.8) 21(21.9) 1 1
   25 to 120 months 23(32.4) 36(37.5) 1.7(0.64-4.415) 2.9(0.65-13.15)
   Greater than 120 months 40(41.8) 39(40.6) 2.7(1.07-6.80) 5.9(1.35-25.41)