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Table 1 Mutations associated with antiretroviral drug resistance found in sequences from HIV-1 subtype C infected individuals from Karonga District Malawi.

From: Reverse transcriptase drug resistance mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infected patients on ART in Karonga District, Malawi

Patient Comments Sex Time point (month) NRTI NNRTI
Patient 2 * Immune Failure F 0 No DRMs No DRMs
    6 No DRMs K103KN
    9 No DRMs Y181C
    12 No DRMs No DRMs
Patient 5   F 0 No DRMs E138A
    6 No DRMs E138A
Patient 12 * Immune Failure F 0 No DRMs No DRMs
    3 No DRMs Y181NY
    12 No DRMs E138A
Patient 14   M 12 No DRMs E138A
Patient 20 Immune Failure F 0 No DRMs E138A
    3 No DRMs E138A
    6 No DRMs E138A
    9 No DRMs E138A
Patient 32 *   M 0 No DRMs V90I
    6 M41MR, T215ST No DRMs
    12 No DRMs No DRMs
    15 No DRMs V108AV
    22 No DRMs No DRMs
Patient 42 *   M 0 No DRMs No DRMs
    0 V118IV No DRMs
    3 V118I No DRMs
Patient 45   F 0 No DRMs V106I, E138A, G190A
    6 No DRMs V106I, E138A, G190A
Patient 61 *   F 0 V118I, K219R No DRMs
    9 V118I No DRMs
Patient 66   M 0 No DRMs No DRMs
    9 V118IV No DRMs
Patient 76 *   M 0 No DRMs V90IV, Y181CY, H221HY
    3 No DRMs No DRMs
    6 No DRMs Y181C
    9 No DRMs No DRMs
Patient 77   F 0 V118I No DRMs
    12 V118I No DRMs
Patient 91    0 V118I No DRMs
Patient 93   M 6 V118I E138A
    12 V118I E138A
Patient 95    0 No DRMs E138A
  1. Mutations in bold are against current ART drugs in use in Karonga District.
  2. * Patients showing discrepancies in DRMs between different timepoints