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Table 1 Clinical, intraoperative and histological findings of patients with appendicitis, according to HIV serostatus (n = 199).

From: HIV, appendectomy and postoperative complications at a reference hospital in Northwest Tanzania: cross-sectional study

Clinical features HIV - serostatus OR 95% CI P-value
  Seropositive
n (%)
Seronegative
n (%)
   
Migratory (Right Iliac Fossa) 19 (73.1) 153 (90.2) 0.30 0.11-0.81 0.013
Anorexia 18 (69.2) 95 (54.9) 1.85 0.76 - 4.48 0.169
Nausea/vomiting 14 (53.8) 72 (41.6) 1.64 0.72 - 3.75 0.241
Fever 12 (46.1) 115 (66.5) 0.43 0.19 - 1.00 0.044
Rebound tenderness 25 (96.2) 163 (94.2) 1.53 0.19 - 12.50 0.687
Tenderness (right lower quadrant) 23 (88.5) 160 (92.5) 0.62 0.17 - 2.35 0.482
Leukocytosis 9 (34.6) 151 (87.3) 0.08 0.03 - 0.19 0.0001
Mean leukocyte count (SD) 7.4 (1.9) 11.1 (1.4)    
Neutrophil shift 11 (42.3) 99 (57.3) 0.55 0.24 - 1.26 0.154
Mean neutrophil count (SD) 4.8 (0.96) 4.1 (1.3)    
Intraoperative features      
Inflamed appendix 14 (53.8) 160 (92.5) 0.10 0.04 - 0.25 0.001
Perforated appendix 8 (30.8) 6 (3.5) 2.32 0.44 - 12.16 0.307
Perforated appendix + peritonitis 2 (7.7) 4 (2.3) 18.78 5.14 - 68.55 0.001
Appendicular abscess 1 (3.8) 2 (1.2) 3.42 0.30 - 39.12 0.344
Appendicular mass 1 (3.8) 1 (0.6) 6.88 0.42 - 1.13 0.245