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Table 1 Baseline characteristics at 6 and 12 months of a cohort of people with HIV in central Haiti

From: Food assistance is associated with improved body mass index, food security and attendance at clinic in an HIV program in central Haiti: a prospective observational cohort study

  Subjects with 6-month follow-up Subjects with 12-month follow-up
  No Food group
(N = 251)
Food Assistance group
(N = 237)
P value No Food group
(N = 125)
Food Assistance group
(N = 215)
P value
Age, mean yrs (SD) 35 (9) 37 (10) 0.12 36 (10) 37 (10) 0.26
Female, N (%) 149 59.4% 144 60.8% 0.75 74 59.2% 126 58.6% 0.91
Proportion of monthly income spent on food*, N (%)      0.80      0.68
   None 22 8.8% 28 11.8% _ 10 8.0% 25 11.6% _
   Small amount 13 5.2% 10 4.2% _ 7 5.6% 8 3.7% _
   Half 28 11.2% 29 12.2% _ 13 10.4% 27 12.6% _
   Most 72 28.7% 65 27.4% _ 38 30.4% 58 27.0% _
   All 112 44.6% 101 42.6% _ 55 44.0% 94 43.7% _
ART group, N (%)      <0.0001      <0.0001
   No ART 106 42.2% 42 17.7% _ 47 37.6% 40 18.6% _
   On ART ≥ 1 yr 134 53.4% 145 61.2% _ 69 55.2% 130 60.5% _
   On ART < 1 yr 11 4.4% 50 21.1% _ 9 7.2% 45 20.9% _
Female-headed household*, N (%) 123 49.0% 112 47.3% 0.67 63 50.4% 102 47.4% 0.58
Literate*, N (%) 148 59.0% 127 53.6% 0.25 75 60.0% 119 55.3% 0.43
Number sharing household meals, mean (SD) 6.7 (2.9) 6.1 (2.9) 0.035 6.8 (2.9) 6.3 (2.9) 0.18
Food insecurity score**, mean (SD) 13.9 (3.9) 15.4 (3.9) <0.0001 14.0 (4.1) 15.3 (3.9) 0.003
Body mass index†, mean kg/m2 (SD) 22.4 (2.7) 20.4 (3.2) <0.0001 22.5 (3.0) 20.2 (3.0) <0.0001
  1. SD = standard deviation
  2. ART = antiretroviral therapy
  3. * sample size varies due to missing survey responses
  4. ** range 0 (best food security) to 20 (worst food insecurity
  5. † Body mass index range: ≤18.5 = underweight; 18.5-24.9 = normal; ≥25.0 = overweight