Skip to main content

Table 3 Estimates of the Impact of HAART on the Mean Change in QOL Scores from Propensity-Score Matched Pattern Mixture Models among AIDS-free Women at Matching Visits

From: Assessing the effect of HAART on change in quality of life among HIV-infected women

   Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d Model 5e
   Effect P-Value Effect P-Value Effect P-Value Effect P-Value Effect P-Value
Overall QOL Short-Term HAART Effect 0.57 0.70 0.40 0.79 0.43 0.78 0.63 0.69 1.61 0.35
  Change per 6 months -0.24 0.10 -0.26 0.08 -0.19 0.23 -0.26 0.11 -0.20 0.16
Physical functioning Short-Term HAART Effect 0.05 0.98 -0.19 0.94 -0.23 0.92 -0.88 0.73 0.55 0.83
  Change per 6 months -0.27 0.25 -0.28 0.23 -0.26 0.31 -0.37 0.14 -0.25 0.26
Role functioning Short-Term HAART Effect 2.48 0.33 2.61 0.30 2.73 0.28 3.03 0.24 4.13 0.12
  Change per 6 months -0.30 0.25 -0.26 0.32 -0.28 0.33 -0.33 0.26 -0.26 0.35
Energy/fatigue Short-Term HAART Effect -2.22 0.30 -2.12 0.31 -2.14 0.31 -1.67 0.44 -0.71 0.75
  Change per 6 months -0.25 0.22 -0.30 0.16 -0.19 0.42 -0.26 0.27 -0.24 0.28
Social functioning Short-Term HAART Effect 3.17 0.12 3.71 0.08 3.85 0.08 4.33 0.05 5.27 0.02
  Change per 6 months -0.17 0.43 -0.16 0.44 -0.08 0.73 -0.09 0.71 0.01 0.97
Cognitive functioning Short-Term HAART Effect 0.86 0.61 2.21 0.22 2.23 0.22 2.54 0.16 2.38 0.22
  Change per 6 months -0.13 0.46 -0.11 0.52 -0.05 0.79 -0.06 0.76 -0.11 0.54
Pain Short-Term HAART Effect 3.25 0.13 2.53 0.24 2.69 0.21 3.46 0.13 5.96 0.02
  Change per 6 months -0.21 0.36 -0.26 0.28 -0.11 0.67 -0.17 0.52 -0.11 0.66
Emotional well-being Short-Term HAART Effect 1.56 0.40 1.06 0.58 1.06 0.58 1.02 0.58 0.17 0.93
  Change per 6 months -0.19 0.32 -0.18 0.34 -0.16 0.42 -0.20 0.36 -0.23 0.26
Health perception Short-Term HAART Effect 0.07 0.97 0.36 0.84 0.27 0.88 0.31 0.87 0.45 0.82
  Change per 6 months -0.36 0.04 -0.37 0.04 -0.37 0.06 -0.50 0.01 -0.54 0.00
Perceived health index Short-Term HAART Effect 3.17 0.07 3.76 0.03 3.46 0.05 4.03 0.02 4.08 0.03
  Change per 6 months -0.21 0.21 -0.20 0.22 -0.28 0.11 -0.31 0.08 -0.26 0.14
  1. aModel 1: Model includes an intercept, an indicator of HAART or HAART-naïve group (Short-Term HAART Effect) and the time from index visit (Change per 6 months).
  2. bModel 2: Model 1 + age, ethnicity and education level.
  3. cModel 3: Model 2 + income, employment and health insurance.
  4. dModel 4: Model 3+ CD4+ cell counts and viral load.
  5. eModel 5: Model 4+ number of symptoms, outpatient visits, hospitalizations and medication, AIDS history and clinical depression. Interactions between HAART and time from index visit were not statistically significant for all models.