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Table 2 Predictors for HIV infection among pregnant women in Moshi, Tanzaniain relation to male partners characteristics

From: HIV among pregnant women in Moshi Tanzania: the role of sexual behavior, male partner characteristics and sexually transmitted infections

Predictor N (%) % HIV positive Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Partners age (years)
   <25 464 (17.5) 2.8 1   
   25–34 1425 (53.7) 6.5 2.42 1.34 – 4.37 0.003
   35–71 677 (25.5) 9.5 3.62 1.97 – 6.66 <0.001
Age difference (male – female) in years
   0 91 (3.4) 5.5 1   
   -11 – -1 81 (3.1) 8.6 1.63 0.49 – 5.34 0.42
   1 – 10 2047 (77.1) 5.8 1.05 0.42 – 2.64 0.91
   11 – 41 347 (13.1) 11.5 2.24 0.86 – 5.85 0.09
Partner has other women outside the relationship †
   No 944 (35.6) 2.3 1   
   Yes 200 (7.5) 35.0 22.57 13.51–37.69 <0.001
   Do not know 1397 (52.6) 6.3 2.82 1.75 – 4.53 <0.001
Partner consumes alcohol
   No 1239 (51.3) 5.5 1   
   Occasionally/weekly 763 (31.6) 7.6 1.42 0.99 – 2.04 0.06
   Daily 411 (17.0) 11.7 2.28 1.55 – 3.36 <0.001
   No response 241 (9.1) 4.1 0.75 0.38 – 1.47 0.39
Partner travel frequently (≥4 times/month)
   No 1794 (74.3) 6.0 1   
   Yes 619 (25.7) 10.7 1.86 1.35 – 2.57 <0.001
   No response 241 (9.1) 4.1 0.68 0.35 – 1.311 0.25
Partner's occupation
   Professional 81 (3.1) 4.9 1   
   Driver 282 (10.6) 6.4 1.31 0.43 – 3.99 0.63
   Army/police force/security guard 265 (10.0) 12.1 2.64 0.91 – 7.71 0.07
   Tour guide/miner 58 (2.2) 19.0 4.51 1.36 – 14.97 0.02
   Others # 828 (74.2) 6.0 1.24 0.45 – 3.44 0.68
Verbal or physical abuse by partner
   No 2062 (77.7) 6.6 1   
   Yes 351 (13.2) 10.5 1.66 1.13 – 2.43 0.01
   No response 241 (9.1) 4.1 0.61 0.32 – 1.17 0.14
Partner as 1 st person wished to share HIV results with
   Yes 2390 (90.1) 6.1 1   
   No 264 (9.9) 14.4 2.58 1.76 – 3.79 <0.001
  1. ¶ 88 women excluded because they do not know their partners age.
  2. † 113 women excluded because currently they do not have a steady partner.
  3. # Farmer, trader, technical and unskilled labor