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Table 3 Factors associated with the initiation of HAART from 1998-2009 among those classified into the consider offering treatment group (Group B)

From: Race/ethnicity and HAART initiation in a military HIV infected cohort

  Univariate models Multivariate model*,**
  Initiators (N = 248) N (%) or median (IQR) Delayers (N = 389) N (%) or median (IQR) OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Demographics
Gender (% Male) 236 (95%) 368 (95%) 1.04 (0.50 - 2.16) 0.92 1.19 (0.44 - 3.22) 0.74
Age 31.7 ± 7.3 33.1 ± 8.4 0.98 (0.96 - 1.00) 0.04 1.00 (0.97 - 1.03) 0.93
Race/ethnicity
 Caucasian 102 (41.1%) 141 (36.2%) Referent   Referent  
 African American 109 (44.0%) 195 (50.1%) 0.80 (0.56 - 1.13) 0.20 0.83 (0.56 - 1.24) 0.37
 Hispanic/Latino/other 37 (14.9%) 53 (13.6%) 0.91 (0.55 - 1.49) 0.71 1.05 (0.60 - 1.82) 0.88
Marital status (% married) 83 (34.6%) 120 (33.9%) 1.05 (0.74 - 1.49) 0.78 1.10 (0.75 - 1.62) 0.62
Military characteristics
Rank
 Officer/warrant 19 (7.7%) 28 (7.2%) 1.01 (0.55 - 1.86) 0.97 1.14 (0.56 - 2.32) 0.72
 Enlisted 214 (86.3%) 334 (85.9%) Referent   Referent  
 N/A 15 (6.0%) 27 (6.9%) 0.95 (0.49 - 1.84) 0.88 0.97 (0.20 - 4.77) 0.97
Duty status
 Active 219 (88.3%) 297 (76.3%) Referent   Referent  
 Retired 17 (6.9%) 77 (19.8%) 0.34 (0.19 - 0.59) <0.001 0.61 (0.28 - 1.32) 0.21
 Dependent 12 (4.8%) 15 (3.9%) 1.15 (0.53 - 2.52) 0.72 2.20 (0.36 - 13.35) 0.39
HIV characteristics
Duration of HIV infection (years) 0.3 (0.1 - 1.9) 1.8 (0.2 - 5.2) 0.84 (0.78 - 0.89) <0.001 0.87 (0.80 - 0.94) <0.001
Log10 HIV RNA 4.5 (4.1 - 4.9) 4.1 (3.4 - 4.5)     
CD4 cell count 323.0 (287.0 - 422.5) 352.0 (316.0 - 461.0)     
Prior ART (non-HAART) use 22 (9%) 100 (26%) 0.30 (0.18 - 0.51) <0.001 0.51 (0.27 - 0.97) 0.04
Prior comorbid Illness (es) 12 (5%) 40 (10%) 0.45 (0.23 - 0.89) 0.02 0.76 (0.35 - 1.66) 0.49
History of mental health diagnosis
 Depression 18 (7%) 37 (10%) 0.73 (0.40 - 1.32) 0.30 1.02 (0.53 - 1.98) 0.95
 Other mental health diagnosis 13 (5%) 20 (5%) 0.96 (0.47 - 1.99) 0.92 1.16 (0.53 - 2.55) 0.71
 None 217 (88%) 332 (85%) Referent   Referent  
Reason for classification
 CD4 <500 (1998-2000) CD4 <350 (2001-2008) 168 (68%) 308 (79%)     
 HIV RNA >20,000 copies/ml (1998-2000 only) 32 (13%) 50 (13%)     
 CD4 <500 and HIV >20,000 copies/ml (1998-2000 only) 48 (19%) 31 (8%)     
  1. *All models are stratified by guideline era (1998-2000, 2001-2009).
  2. **Multivariate model additionally adjusts for branch and site of service.
  3. P-values < 0.05 are presented in bold text.