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Table 3 HDQ severity scores: pre versus during COVID-19 pandemic (n = 51)

From: Disability and self-care living strategies among adults living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic

HDQ domain Spearman correlation coefficients Pre-pandemic Mean (sd) HDQ severity scores During pandemic Mean (sd) HDQ severity scores Mean (sd) change in HDQ severity scoresa Paired t-test p value
Physical 0.6 13.6 (9.3) 18.5 (12.0) 4.9 (9.6) − 3.64 0.001***
Cognitive 0.6 15.1 (14.9) 21.9 (22.3) 6.8 (17.6) − 2.76 0.008*
Mental-emotional 0.7 20.8 (18.0) 32.2 (21.3) 11.4 (15.3) − 5.30  < 0.001***
Uncertainty 0.8 26.4 (20.3) 31.1 (22.0) 4.7 (11.5) − 2.93 0.005**
Day-to-day activities 0.7 11.1 (11.9) 15.1 (18.5) 4.1 (11.9) − 2.45 0.018*
Social inclusion 0.8 23.3 (18.7) 29.2 (23.0) 5.8 (14.2) − 2.93 0.005**
  1. HDQ severity scores range: 0–100; degrees of freedom: 50
  2. aMean change score (during—prior to pandemic for each participant)
  3. ***Indicates p ≤ 0.001
  4. **Indicates 0.001 < p ≤ 0.01
  5. *Indicates 0.01 < p ≤ 0.05