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Table 1 Characteristics of participants, and COVID-19 pandemic health and support services, experiences and lifestyle changes (n = 63)

From: Disability and self-care living strategies among adults living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic

Characteristics Number (%)
Median age (IQR) 57 years (49, 65)
Sex
 Male 53 (84%)
 Female 10 (16%)
Gender
 Man 53 (84%)
 Woman 9 (14%)
 Non-binary 1 (2%)
Live alone 39 (62%)
Personal gross yearly income < $30,000 CAD 33 (52%)
Employment status
 Working for pay 18 (29%)
 Retired 12 (19%)
 On disability 18 (29%)
Most common concurrent conditions (≥ 30%)  
 Mental health (e.g., depression, anxiety) 24 (38%)
 Chronic pain (e.g., arthritis) 21 (33%)
 Trouble sleeping (e.g., insomnia) 22 (35%)
Undetectable viral load (< 50 copies/mL)a 61 (97%)
Median number of years since HIV diagnosis (IQR) 22 (11, 32)
Overall self-reported health—very good or good 42 (67%)
Health status compared to previous year
 Better now than one year ago 19 (30%)
 About the same as one year ago 25 (40%)
 Worse now than one year ago 19 (30%)
COVID-19 pandemic—health care services/supports
HIV care
 Remote (telephone/online)b connect with HIV doctor or clinic during the pandemic 45 (71%)
 Access to HIV medication impacted by pandemic 10 (16%)
 Difficulties accessing healthcare 25 (40%)
 Decreased health care services use during COVID 23 (37%)
COVID-19 pandemic—experiences and lifestyle changes
Working during COVID-19 16 (25%)
Not working prior to pandemic (out of the 47 not working) 29 (62%)
Reduced wages or work hours 22 (35%)
Employment status changed since COVID-19 pandemic 20 (32%)
COVID-19 experiences
 Getting support from friends, family, partners, etc 33 (52%)
 Fear of getting COVID-19 47 (75%)
 Fear of giving COVID-19 to someone else 35 (56%)
 Worrying about friends, family, partner, etc 54 (86%)
 Frustration of boredom 50 (79%)
 More anxiety 47 (75%)
 More depression 34 (54%)
 Changes to sleep patterns 37 (59%)
 Alcohol use in past 30 days 34 (54%)
 Cannabis use in past 30 days 24 (38%)
Lifestyle changes due to COVID-19 pandemic
 Practicing social distancing 60 (95%)
 Isolating/quarantining from others 44 (70%)
 Avoiding going to gym or exercise class 54 (86%)
 Following media coverage on COVID 55 (87%)
 Changing travel plans 44 (70%)
 Stocking up on food and supplies 36 (57%)
 Exercising less (frequency or intensity) 46 (73%)
 Increase (frequency and amount) in substance use 14 (22%)
  1. N = 63 participants’
  2. aAll participants were taking antiretroviral therapy medications
  3. bRemote includes via telephone or video