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Table 1 Viral load suppression by demographic and clinical characteristics of adolescents 10 to 19 years living with HIV in Ehlanzeni district, South Africa (N = 9386)

From: Determinants of viral suppression among adolescents on antiretroviral treatment in Ehlanzeni district, South Africa: a cross-sectional analysis

  Total Viral load suppression  
9386 Yes
n (%)
6975 (74.31)
No
n (%)
2411 (25.69)
p-value
Current age (in years)     0.000
 10 to 14 4506 (48.01) 3455 (76.41) 1063 (23.59)  
 15 to 19 4880 (51.99) 3603 (72.38) 1348 (27.62)  
Gender     0.000
 Female 5158 (54.95) 3946 (76.50) 1212 (23.50)  
 Male 4253 (44.57) 3029 (71.64) 1199 (28.36)  
Pregnant at ART start (N = 5160)     0.001
 No 4729 (91.65) 3590 (75.91) 1139 (24.09)
 Yes 431 (8.35) 357 (82.83) 74 (17.17)
Age at ART start (in years)     0.000
 0 to 9 5512 (58.73) 4116 (74.67) 1396 (25.33)  
 10 to 14 2548 (27.15) 1786 (70.09) 762 (29.91)  
15 to 19 1326 (14.13) 1073 (80.92) 253 (19.08)  
Duration on ART (in months)     0.002
 6 to 11 months 459 (4.89) 364 (79.30) 95 (20.70)  
 12 to 17 months 450 (4.79) 332 (73.78) 118 (26.22)  
 18 to 24 months 458 (4.88) 366 (79.91) 92 (20.09)  
 25 months +  8019 (85.44) 5913 (73.74) 2106 (26.26)  
Initiated on Isoniazid Preventative Therapy (IPT)     0.002
 Yes 2111 (22.49) 1623 (76.88) 488 (23.12)  
 No 7,275 (77.51) 5352 (73.57) 1923 (26.43)  
History of TB     0.009
 Yes 78 (0.87%) 48 (61.54%) 30 (38.46%)  
 No 8934 (99.13%) 6659 (74.54%) 2275 (25.46%)  
CD4 count at last ART visit (n = 7999)     
 < 200 1071 (13.39%) 608 (56.77%) 463 (43.23%) 0.000
 > 200 6928 (86.61%) 5284 (76.27%) 1644 (23.73%)  
CD4 count at baseline     0.006
 CD4 < 200 1676 (28.16%) 1200 (71.60%) 476 (28.40%)  
 CD4 > 200 4276 (71.84%) 3210 (75.07%) 1066 (24.93%)  
WHO stage at initiation     0.000
 1 4067 (52.72%) 3106 (76.37%) 961 (23.63%)  
 2 1873 (24.28%) 1363 (72.77%) 510 (27.23%)  
 3 1527 (19.79%) 1088 (71.24%) 439 (28.75%)  
 4 248 (3.21%) 176 (70.97%) 72 (29.03%)  
Initiated same day     0.145
 Yes 808 (61.59%) 631 (78.09%) 177 (21.91%)  
 No 504 (38.41%) 376 (74.60%) 128 (25.40%)  
Initiated on second line ART     
 Yes 1550 (16.51%) 888 (57.29%) 662 (42.71%) 0.000
 No 7836 (83.49%) 6087 (77.68%) 1749 (22.32%)