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Table 4 Factors associated with NCD control at 12 months post IC enrolment

From: Treatment outcomes among adults with HIV/non-communicable disease multimorbidity attending integrated care clubs in Cape Town, South Africa

Characteristic Univariate analyses Multivariate analyses
ORa 95% CI p-value aORb 95% CI p-value
CD4 count at HIV diagnosis (cells/µL)
 < 350 1.00    1.00   
 ≥ 350 0.67 (0.35, 1.27) 0.217 0.59 (0.29, 1.18) 0.138
Time since NCD diagnosis (years)
 0–5 1.00    1.00   
 6–10 0.27 (0.09, 0.83) 0.022 0.35 (0.10, 1.16) 0.087
 > 10 0.68 (0.12, 3.79) 0.656 1.42 (0.22, 9.25) 0.716
Good adherence (> 80%)
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.47 (0.19, 1.19) 0.112 0.47 (0.16, 1.38) 0.17
Clinic site
 Clinic A 1.00      
 Clinic B 1.56 (0.85, 2.87) 0.150 1.50 (0.71, 3.16) 0.284
Age group (years)
 < 40 1.00      
 40–50 1.14 (0.55, 2.34) 0.729    
 > 50       
Sex
 Male 1.00      
 Female 1.09 (0.58, 2.03) 0.794    
Comorbidity
 DM 1.00      
 DMHTN 0.46 (0.06, 3.36) 0.447    
 HTN 1.00 (0.12, 8.42) 1    
BMI category
 < 18.5 1.00      
 18.5–24.9 0.47 (0.026, 8.52) 0.610    
 25.0–29.9 0.89 (0.05, 15.44) 0.939    
 ≥ 30 0.54 (0.032, 8.90) 0.666    
WHO stage at HIV diagnosis
 0 1.00      
 1 0.78 (0.39, 1.56) 0.483    
 2 0.94 (0.48, 1.87) 0.866    
 3 2.03 (0.76, 5.41) 0.157    
 4       
Time on ART (years)
 0–5 1.00      
 6–10 0.96 (0.51, 1.79) 0.896    
 > 10 1.97 (0.12, 31.99) 0.634    
Time since HIV diagnosis (years)
 0–5 1.00      
 6–10 1.26 (0.69, 2.28) 0.443    
 > 10 1.23 (0.51, 2.96) 0.637    
  1. DM Diabetes mellitus, HTN Hypertension, DMHTN Dual diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes mellitus
  2. aOR = unadjusted odds ratio
  3. baOR = adjusted odds ratio, p values in bold significant at α = 0.2 level
  4. Bold p values indicated statitistical significance