Skip to main content

Table 3 Clinical characteristics over time

From: The transient effect of a peer support intervention to improve adherence among adolescents and young adults failing antiretroviral therapy in Harare, Zimbabwe: a randomized control trial

  Time point Total
N (%)
Intervention
N (%)
Standard of care
N (%)
p-value*
Viral load (log10 copies/ml) Median(IQR) Baseline 4.3 (3.7–4.8) 4.2 (3.6–4.7) 4.5 (3.8–4.9)  
  Week 12 3.9 (2.2–4.6) 3.6 (2.0–4.4) 4.1 (2.7–4.7) 0.041*
  Week 24 3.6 (2.0–4.5) 3.2 (1.5–4.5) 3.8 (2.3–4.5) 0.111
  Week 36 3.1 (0.0–4.6) 2.7 (0–4.5) 3.4 (1.7–4.6) 0.113
Viral load ≥ 1000 copies/mL n (%) Baseline 200 (94.3%) 183 (86.3%) 89 (85.6%)  
  Week 12 193 (91.0%) 92 (88.5%) 101 (93.5%) 0.198
  Week 24 175 (82.6%) 79 (76.0%) 96 (89.0%) 0.013*
  Week 36 157 (74.1%) 71 (68.3%) 86 (79.6%) 0.059
Self-reported adherence (95% or higher), n (%) Baseline 134 (74.4%) 61 (67.8%) 73 (81.1%)  
  Week 12 144 (68.3%) 70 (67.3%) 74 (69.2%) 0.773
  Week 24 140 (68.0%) 68 (66.7%) 72 (69.2%) 0.693
  Week 36 139 (67.5%) 68 (66.0%) 71 (68.9%) 0.655
  1. *Statistical comparison is intervention compared to standard of care