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Table 3 Factors associated with discontinuing ART at delivery HIV positive pregnant women on antiretroviral therapy in Bulawayo city and Mazowe district: Zimbabwe Jan-Mar 2018

From: Early retention among pregnant women on ‘Option B + ’ in urban and rural Zimbabwe

Characteristics Number on ART Number (%) Attrition Unadjusted RR (95% CI) P value Adjusted RR (95% CI) P value
Age (years)
 15–19 16 5 7% Reference   Reference  
 20–24 66 13 17% 0.83 (0.3–2.1) 0.72 0.64 (0.2–2.1) −0.46
 25–29 83 24 32% 1.1 (0.4–3.0) 0.8 0.8 (0.3–2.8) 0.79
 30–49 148 33 44% 0.82 (0.3–2.1) 0.68 0.6 (0.2–2.1) 0.44
Parity category
 0 52 12 16% Reference   Reference  
 1 78 19 25% 1.0 (0.5–2.1) 0.91 1.0 (0.4–2.6) 0.97
 2 91 20 27% 0.9 (0.4–1.8) 0.82 0.9 (0.3–2.6) 0.89
 3+  91 24 32% 1.9 (0.5–2.2) 0.79 1.0 (0.3–2.8) 0.93
Gestational age at first ANC visit (weeks)
 ≤ 12 31 14 19% Reference   Reference  
 13–27 196 41 55% 0.7 (0.3–1.2) 0.26 0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.16
 ≥ 28 65 11 15% 1.3 (0.6–2.7) 0.58 0.9 (0.3–2.3) 0.78
Marital status
 Married/living together 222 50 67% Reference   Reference  
 Single 29 6 8% 1.0 (0.4–2.4) 0.91 1.1 (0.41–2.8) 0.90
 Widowed /Divorced/Separated 13 5 4% 2.2 (0.7–7.2) 0.17 1.4 (0.52–3.8) 0.51
Facility Location
 Urban 180 44 59% 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.16 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.27
 Rural        
ART status
 Already on ART 150 29 39% 1.3 (0.8–2.1) 0.27 1.6 (0.8–2.9) 0.17
 Newly initiated on ART