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Table 1 Description of abilities assessed with the GMDS and Beery-Buktenica test

From: Diffusion tensor imaging point to ongoing functional impairment in HIV-infected children at age 5, undetectable using standard neurodevelopmental assessments

Griffiths mental development scales
Subscale Description of abilities assessed
Locomotor Balance and stability–jumping over hurdles, balancing on one leg, skipping and running
Personal-social Self-care including dressing, washing, tying shoe laces and being able to provide full name and address
Hearing and language Receptive and expressive language is assessed
Naming objects and describing their use
Children are required to freely talk about a large/busy picture where vocabulary, sentence structure, pronouns and descriptive words are assessed
Auditory short-term recall with repetition
Naming colors, similarities opposites and descriptive
Eye and hand Co-ordination Free drawing of a person and a house. Copying geometric shapes
Writing name and copying letters
Cutting and folding paper and threading beads
Performance Visuo-spatial skills including speed and precision
Completing form boards and block patterns which are timed
Practical reasoning Closest to arithmetical reasoning: counting blocks, knowing days of the week, high/low, long/short, heavy/light, middle and concept of speed. Short term memory of items shown
Arranging sequences of cards to tell a story
General Griffiths Quotient: Average of the 6 subtests above
Beery-Buktenica test of visual motor integration
 Beery VMI Child is required to copy various geometric forms and draw them below the example figure
 Beery motor Co-ordination Draw the same geometric forms by joining dots and keeping within the guidelines. Draw as many as can within a time limit
 Beery visual perception Identify shape out of a few that matches the example. Do as many as can within a time limit