Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of abilities assessed with the GMDS and Beery-Buktenica test

From: Diffusion tensor imaging point to ongoing functional impairment in HIV-infected children at age 5, undetectable using standard neurodevelopmental assessments

Griffiths mental development scales


Description of abilities assessed


Balance and stability–jumping over hurdles, balancing on one leg, skipping and running


Self-care including dressing, washing, tying shoe laces and being able to provide full name and address

Hearing and language

Receptive and expressive language is assessed

Naming objects and describing their use

Children are required to freely talk about a large/busy picture where vocabulary, sentence structure, pronouns and descriptive words are assessed

Auditory short-term recall with repetition

Naming colors, similarities opposites and descriptive

Eye and hand Co-ordination

Free drawing of a person and a house. Copying geometric shapes

Writing name and copying letters

Cutting and folding paper and threading beads


Visuo-spatial skills including speed and precision

Completing form boards and block patterns which are timed

Practical reasoning

Closest to arithmetical reasoning: counting blocks, knowing days of the week, high/low, long/short, heavy/light, middle and concept of speed. Short term memory of items shown

Arranging sequences of cards to tell a story

General Griffiths Quotient:

Average of the 6 subtests above

Beery-Buktenica test of visual motor integration

 Beery VMI

Child is required to copy various geometric forms and draw them below the example figure

 Beery motor Co-ordination

Draw the same geometric forms by joining dots and keeping within the guidelines. Draw as many as can within a time limit

 Beery visual perception

Identify shape out of a few that matches the example. Do as many as can within a time limit