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Table 5 Post regression estimates of mean time (in days) between testing HIV positive and ART initiation for children in Zambia between 2004 to 2017

From: Impact of WHO guidelines on trends in HIV testing and ART initiation among children living with HIV in Zambia

CharacteristicAverage days to ART initiation (CI)* crude estimatesP-value*Average days to ART initiation (CI)** adjusted estimatesP-value **
Age
 Birth–17 months58 (40–77)Wald (3) = 2393
P < 0.0001
116 (84–148)Wald (4) = 2412 p < 0.0001
 18 months–4 years134 (117–151)191 (160–223)
 5–9 years241 (224–258)299 (267–330)
 10–15 years262 (245–280)320 (288–352)
Sex
 Male178 (160–196)Wald (1) = 0.10
p > 0.05
111 (85–149)Wald (5) = 2413 p < 0.0001
 Female179 (161–197)108 (82–147)
Place of testing
 Hospital175 (141–209)Wald (1) = 0.08
P > 0.05
110 (70–149)Wald (5) = 2392 p < 0.0001
 Health centre181 (159–202)120 (85–155)
District type
 Rural209 (175–242)Wald (1) = 4.35
P < 0.05
116 (84–148)Wald (4) = 2412 p < 0.0001
 Urban166 (145–187)30 (17–57)
  1. Run using multi-level random effects regression clustering at facility level
  2. ICC Intraclass correlation 11% (IRR = 0.117)
  3. *Unadjusted model
  4. **Adjusted for age and district of residence