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Table 4 Baseline characteristics of children ART initiation in Zambia from 2004 to 2017

From: Impact of WHO guidelines on trends in HIV testing and ART initiation among children living with HIV in Zambia

Characteristic2004/2006
n = 6217
2007/2009
n = 16,940
2010/2012
n = 19,780
2013/2015
n = 18,768
2016/2017
n = 6925
P-value*
Age n (%)< 0.001
 Birth–17 months467 (8)2735 (16)3 393 (17)2 495 (14)876 (13) 
 18 months–4 years1622 (26)5235 (31)5891 (30)4846 (27)1706 (26) 
 5–9 years2137 (35)4625 (27)5282 (27)5379 (30)1840 (28) 
 10–15 years1942 (31)4230 (25)4945 (25)5468 (30)2240 (34) 
 Median age (IQR)7 (4–10)5 (2–10)5 (2–10)7 (2–11)7 (3–12) 
Sex n (%)< 0.001
 Male3085 (50)8475 (50)9569 (48)8767 (47)3273 (47) 
 Female3103 (50)8446 (50)10,192 (52)9976 (53)3641 (53) 
Place of testing n (%)< 0.001
 Hospital3178 (51)8983 (53)9188 (47)7774 (41)2592 (37) 
 Health centre3002 (49)7854 (46)10,477 (53)10,698 (57)4105 (59) 
District type n (%)
 Rural394 (6)1981 (12)2849 (14)2807 (15)854 (12)< 0.001
 Urban5794 (94)14,940 (88)16,912 (86)15,936 (85)6060 (88) 
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. *Tested using cuzick non-parametric test for trends