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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of children at HIV positive diagnosis in Zambia from 2004 to 2017

From: Impact of WHO guidelines on trends in HIV testing and ART initiation among children living with HIV in Zambia

Characteristic2004/2006
n = 12,087
2007/2009
n = 30,848
2010/2012
n = 2917
2013/2015
n = 2028
2016/2017
n = 7212
P-value*
Age n (%)< 0.001
 Birth–17 months1860 (16)8948 (30)8140 (28)4499 (23)1546 (22) 
 18 months–4 years3391 (29)8936 (30)7976 (28)5431 (28)1872 (27) 
 5–9 years3740 (32)7074 (23)6989 (24)5183 (26)1798 (26) 
 10–15 years2788 (24)5227 (17)5483 (19)4535 (23)1823 (26) 
 Median age (IQR)6 (2–10)3 (1–8)4 (1–9)5 (2–10)5 (2–11) 
Sex n (%)< 0.001
 Male5868 (49)15,018 (49)13,740 (47)9446 (47)3411 (47) 
 Female6219 (51)15,830 (51)15,457 (53)10,802 (53)3801 (53) 
Place of testing n (%)< 0.001
Hospital6682 (55)16,990 (55)13,383 (46)7759 (38)2658 (37) 
Health Centre5393 (45)13721 (44)15477 (53)12,149 (60)4217 (58) 
District type n (%)< 0.001
 Rural811 (7)3 791 (12)4 538 (16)3 395 (17)836 (12) 
 Urban11,276 (93)27,057 (88)24,659 (83)16,852 (83)6376 (88) 
ART initiation status n (%)< 0.001
Initiated on ART6217 (52%)16,940 (55%)19,780 (68%)18,768 (93%)6925 (97%) 
  1. IQR interquartile range
  2. *Tested using cuzick non-parametric test for trends