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Table 5 Multiple logistic regression models for the association between accessing HIV treatment and three sexual risk behaviours (adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals in parentheses) in Edendale and Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal, survey period 2014 to 2016

From: Impact of HIV testing and treatment services on risky sexual behaviour in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  Survey 2014/2015 Survey 2015/2016
[13]a
Condom use last partnerb
[14]
Transaction sexc
[15]
Sex partners 12 mo.d
[16]
Condom use last partnerb
[17]
Transaction sexc
[18]
Sexual partners 12 mo.d
On ART (vs. not on ART) 0.45*** (0.35–0.58) 0.83 (0.63–1.08) 0.87 (0.57–1.33) 0.54*** (0.44–0.67) 0.95 (0.73–1.22) 0.63*** (0.48–0.83)
15–24 years (vs. 35–49 years) 0.66* (0.48–0.91) 0.88 (0.64–1.22) 2.09* (1.11–3.95) 1.29 (0.92–1.79) 1.12 (0.77–1.62) 1.45 (0.98–2.16)
25–34 years (vs. 35–49 years) 1.09 (0.86–1.40) 0.91 (0.70–1.17) 1.89* (1.19–2.99) 1.46*** (1.18–1.82) 1.32* (1.04–1.69) 1.21 (0.9–1.62)
Male (vs. female) 0.91 (0.70–1.18) 0.95 (0.75–1.2) 6.16*** (4.43–8.58) 0.79* (0.63–0.98) 1.03 (0.80–1.32) 4.16*** (3.07–5.65)
Married (vs. unmarried) 0.67 (0.44–1.01) 0.58* (0.37–0.89) 0.18*** (0.07–0.46) 0.84 (0.62–1.14) 0.71 (0.48–1.03) 0.35*** (0.20–0.64)
Incomplete sec. school (vs. tertiary) 1.52 (0.82–2.81) 1.95* (1.10–3.47) 0.78 (0.34–1.78) 1.36 (0.86–2.15) 0.66
(0.38–1.12)
1.11 (0.63–1.97)
Complete sec. school (vs. tertiary) 1.25 (0.68–2.29) 1.37 (0.79–2.37) 0.68 (0.29–1.61) 1.03 (0.63–1.67) 0.71 (0.42–1.19) 0.94 (0.52–1.71)
away > 1 mo. in previous year (vs. < 1mo. previous year) 1.59* (1.08–2.33) 1.45 (1.00–2.09) 0.97 (0.58–1.62) 0.79 (0.53–1.17) 0.98 (0.6–1.6) 1.79* (1.18–2.71)
Highly food insecure (vs. food secure) 0.85 (0.64–1.11) 0.59* (0.41–0.86) 1.39 (0.89–2.17) 0.78* (0.62–0.98) 0.56*** (0.38–0.83) 1.32 (0.96–1.82)
Moderate food insecure (vs. food secure) 0.83 (0.55–1.26) 1.00 (0.64–1.56) 1.07 (0.54–2.1) 0.71* (0.54–0.94) 0.61* (0.38–0.95) 1.29 (0.86–1.93)
Partner HIV positive (vs. don’t know partner status) 0.74 (0.49–1.13) 1.09 (0.74–1.62)
Partner not HIV positive (vs. don’t know partner status) 0.89 (0.65–1.22) 0.89 (0.62–1.28)
Duration of last relationship (continuous) 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 1.07*** (1.05–1.10)
Pseudo R2 0.06 0.03 0.19 0.07 0.03 0.15
n 3634 3756 2737 3763 3776 3268
  1. aThe numbers in the brackets refer to the Multivariate regression model number. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05
  2. bCondom use with most recent sexual partner in the last 12 months (0 = consistent condom use/always used condoms; 1 = inconsistent condom use/sometimes or never used condoms)
  3. cEngaging in transactional sex (0 = not giving or receiving goods or money for sex in the previous year; 1 = have given or received goods or money for sex in the previous year)
  4. dNumber of sexual partners in the previous year (0 = 0 to 1 sexual partner in the previous year; 1 = 2 or more sexual partners in the previous year)