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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression models for the association between HIV testing and four sexual risk behaviours (adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals in parentheses) in Edendale and Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal, survey period 2014 to 2016

From: Impact of HIV testing and treatment services on risky sexual behaviour in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  Survey 2014/2015 Survey 2015/2016
[1]a
Condom use last partnerb
[2]
Transaction sexc
[3]
Sex partners 12 mo.d
[4]
Condom use last partnerb
[5]
Transaction sexc
[6]
Sexual partners 12 mo. d
HIV tested (vs. did not test) 0.62*** (0.49–0.78) 0.62*** (0.50–0.77) 1.18 (0.89–1.55) 0.91 (0.72–1.14) 1.07 (0.78–1.48) 0.81 (0.65–1.02)
15–24 years (vs. 35–49 years) 0.66*** (0.54–0.81) 0.84 (0.68–1.04) 2.14*** (1.57–2.92) 1.00 (0.83–1.20) 0.98 (0.78–1.22) 1.79*** (1.43–2.24)
25–34 years (vs. 35–49 years) 1.06 (0.87–1.29) 1.12 (0.93–1.35) 1.90*** (1.40–2.57) 1.32** (1.10–1.58) 1.16 (0.95–1.42) 1.62*** (1.30–2.01)
Male (vs. female) 0.75*** (0.64–0.88) 0.79* (0.65–0.96) 7.01*** (5.53–8.88) 0.76*** (0.67–0.87) 0.96 (0.83–1.12) 4.62*** (3.93–5.44)
Married (vs. unmarried) 1.24*** (0.90–1.72) 0.66** (0.50–0.88) 0.23*** (0.13–0.41) 1.09 (0.86–1.39) 0.63*** (0.48–0.84) 0.36 (0.84–1.51)
Incomplete sec. school (vs. tertiary) 1.51* (1.07–2.14) 2.13*** (1.40–3.23) 0.70 (0.43–1.14) 1.29* (1.01–1.65) 1.05 (0.74–1.48) 1.12 (0.84–1.51)
Complete sec. school (vs. tertiary) 1.33 (0.96–1.85) 1.46 (0.96–2.20) 0.58* (0.38–0.90) 1.10 (0.87–1.39) 1.10 (0.80–1.51) 1.13 (0.85–1.49)
away > 1 mo. in previous year (vs. < 1mo. previous year) 1.21 (0.89–1.63) 1.29 (0.98–1.72) 0.94 (0.64–1.38) 0.92 (0.71–1.18) 0.93 (0.67–1.30) 1.62*** (1.27–2.07)
Highly food insecure (vs. food secure) 0.85 (0.68–1.06) 0.52*** (0.38–0.70) 1.31 (0.99–1.74) 0.87 (0.75–1.02) 0.50*** (0.36–0.70) 1.31** (1.08–1.61)
Moderate food insecure (vs. food secure) 1.04 (0.78–1.39) 0.75 (0.52–1.10) 1.26 (0.82–1.93) 0.78** (0.65–0.93) 0.48*** (0.33–0.70) 1.41*** (1.12–1.78)
Partner HIV positive (vs. don’t know partner status) 0.59*** (0.42–0.84) 1.06 (0.77–1.45)
Partner not HIV positive (vs. don’t know partner status) 1.11 (0.88–1.39) 1.23 (0.94–1.60)
Duration of last relationship (continuous) 1.03*** (1.01–1.05) 1.09*** (1.07–1.10)
Pseudo R2 0.05 0.04 0.20 0.07 0.03 0.17
n 7967 8271 6121 8860 8887 7819
  1. aThe numbers in the brackets refer to the multivariate regression model number ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05
  2. bCondom use with most recent sexual partner in the last 12 months (0 = consistent condom use/always used condoms; 1 = inconsistent condom use/sometimes or never used condoms)
  3. cEngaging in transactional sex (0 = not giving or receiving goods or money for sex in the previous year; 1 = have given or received goods or money for sex in the previous year)
  4. dNumber of sexual partners in the previous year (0 = 0 to 1 sexual partner in the previous year; 1 = 2 or more sexual partners in the previous year)