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Table 4 Covariates of low viral suppression among HIV-positive mothers

From: Multivariate analysis of covariates of adherence among HIV-positive mothers with low viral suppression

Background information Adherent
n (%)
Non-adherent
n (%)
Sig Adjusted (odds ratios)
Mother is taking other medication alongside ARVs
 Yesa 12 (52.2) 11 (47.8) 0.000 1.000
 No 70 (70.7) 29 (29.3)   6.044
Received adherence counseling before ART
 Yesa 71 (70.3) 30 (29.7) 0.527 1.000
 No 11 (52.4) 10 (47.6)   0.790
Mothers feels was adequately prepared to start ART
 Yesa 63 (71.6) 25 (28.4) 0.178 1.000
 No 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1)   0.572
Missed appointments in the last 6 months
 Yesa 35 (53.8) 30 (46.2) 0.001 1.000
 No 47 (82.5) 10 (17.5)   2.707
Treated differently since disclosing HIV status
 Yesa 25 (58.1) 18 (41.9) 0.201 1.000
 No 57 (73.1) 21 (26.9)   1.287
There are instances when mother feels like giving up with ARVs
 Yesa 12 (50) 12 (50) 0.030 1.000
 No 70 (71.4) 28 (28.6)   4.867
Has someone to share with private concerns
 Yesa 65 (71.4) 26 (28.6) 0.90 1.000
 No 16 (53.3) 14 (46.7)   0.627
Experience violence in the last 6 months
 Yesa 34 (54.0) 29 (46.0) 0.053 1.000
 No 48 (81.4) 11 (18.6)   2.931
Mother has obstacles to treatment
 Yesa 48 (59.3) 33 (40.7) 0.11 1.000
 No 34 (82.9) 7 (17.1)   0.299
  1. a Reference category