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Table 4 School attendance and employment history among male and female adolescents living with HIV

From: Social-support needs among adolescents living with HIV in transition from pediatric to adult care in Cambodia: findings from a cross-sectional study

School attendance and employment history Total (n = 328), n (%) Male (n = 169), n (%) Female (n = 159), n (%) p-value*
School attendance in the past month 0.79
 Never 55 (16.8) 29 (17.2) 26 (16.4)  
 With disruptions 75 (22.9) 36 (21.3) 39 (24.5)  
 Full time 198 (60.4) 104 (61.5) 94 (59.1)  
Age when stopped going to school 14.7 ± 1.5 14.7 ± 1.2 14.6 ± 1.8 0.48
Reasons for not attending school 0.25
 No money to go to school 18 (14.0) 6 (9.4) 12 (18.5)  
 Too sick to go to school 44 (34.1) 20 (31.2) 24 (36.9)  
 Not successful at school 24 (18.6) 15 (23.4) 9 (13.8)  
 Other 43 (33.3) 23 (35.9) 20 (30.9)  
Currently working for pay 0.34
 No 259 (79.0) 137 (81.1) 122 (76.7)  
 Yes 69 (21.0) 32 (18.9) 37 (23.3)  
Mean age when started working 14.8 ± 1.9 15.0 ± 1.2 14.7 ± 2.3 0.54
Ever travelled outside of hometown for work 0.23
 No 326 (94.4) 169 (100) 157 (98.7)  
 Yes 2 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.3)  
Family received social support for your health 0.85
 No 175 (53.4) 91 (53.8) 84 (52.8)  
 Yes 153 (46.6) 78 (46.2) 75 (47.2)  
Types of support received by family  
 Transportation allowance 82 (53.6) 43 (55.1) 39 (52.0) 0.7
 Food support 117 (76.5) 57 (73.1) 60 (80.0) 31
 School allowance 95 (62.1) 46 (59.0) 49 (65.3) 0.42
 Emotional counseling 54 (35.3) 24 (30.8) 30 (40.0) 0.23
 Vocational training 35 (22.9) 14 (17.9) 21 (28.0) 0.14
 Home visit 17 (11.1) 10 (12.8) 7 (9.3) 0.49
Family received financial support for your health 0.95
 No 214 (65.2) 110 (65.1) 104 (65.4)  
 Yes 114 (34.8) 59 (34.9) 55 (34.6)  
Belonged to a patient group 0.63
 No 231 (70.4) 121 (71.6) 110 (69.2)  
 Yes 97 (27.9) 48 (28.4) 49 (30.8)  
  1. ART antiretroviral therapy, HIV human immunodeficiency virus
  2. * Chi square or Fisher’s exact test was used as appropriate for categorical variables, Student’s t-test was used for continuous variables