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Table 3 Effect of mental health comorbiditiesa on the association of retentionb in care and mental health utilization in HIV-positive patientsc receiving care at UAB, 2007–2013 (N = 743)

From: Mental health service utilization is associated with retention in care among persons living with HIV at a university-affiliated HIV clinic

Mental health utilization Univariate analysisd Multivariable analysisd,e
Mental health comorbidity Mental health comorbidity
0 ≥ 1 0 ≥ 1
0 N = 271 N = 288   
OR = 1.0 OR = 0.9 OR = 1.0 OR = 1.0
  (95% CI: 0.6, 1.4)   (95% CI: 0.6, 1.5)
  P = 0.74   P = 0.96
(Reference category)   (Reference category)  
1–2 N = 23 N = 75   
OR = 1.8 OR = 1.0 OR = 2.3 OR = 1.2
(95% CI 0.5, 9.0) (95% CI 0.5, 2.2) (95% CI 0.7, 11.8) (95% CI 0.6, 2.4)
P = 0.37 P = 0.89 P = 0.19 P = 0.69
≥ 3 N = 13 N = 73   
OR = 5.6 OR = 3.2 OR = 5.7 OR = 3.8
(95% CI 0.7, 720.0) (95% CI 1.3, 10.0) (95% CI 0.7, 738.8) (95% CI 1.5, 12.2)
P = 0.12 P = 0.01 P = 0.12 P = 0.005
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, UAB University of Alabama at Birmingham (Birmingham, AL, USA)
  2. aMeasured as total count of depression, drug use, and alcohol use
  3. bDefinition: at least two primary care appointments being attended within a period of 12 months but separated by at least 90 days
  4. cTreatment naïve and newly engaged in care
  5. dLogistic regression method with Firth’s bias correction
  6. eAdjusted for age, race, sex, and transmission risk