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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of HIV-positive patientsa receiving care at UAB, 2007–2013 (N = 743)

From: Mental health service utilization is associated with retention in care among persons living with HIV at a university-affiliated HIV clinic

Characteristic Total Retainedb Not retainedb
N = 743
N (col%)
N = 627 (84.4)
n (row%)
N = 116 (15.6)
n (row%)
Age (years), mean (SD) 34.8 ± 11.3 34.9 ± 11.4 34.2 ± 10.3
Age (years)c    
 < 30 312 (42.0) 264 (84.6) 48 (15.4)
 30–45 288 (38.8) 238 (82.6) 50 (17.4)
 > 45 143 (19.2) 125 (87.4) 18 (12.6)
Race    
 White 259 (34.9) 222 (85.7) 37 (14.3)
 Black 458 (61.6) 385 (84.1) 73 (15.9)
 Other 26 (3.5) 20 (76.9) 6 (23.1)
Sex    
 Female 133 (17.9) 113 (85.0) 20 (15.0)
 Male 610 (82.1) 514 (84.3) 96 (15.7)
Transmission risk    
 Heterosexual 234 (31.5) 193 (82.5) 41 (17.5)
 IVDU 45 (6.0) 38 (84.4) 7 (15.6)
 MSM 407 (54.8) 351 (86.2) 56 (13.8)
 Unknown 57 (7.7) 45 (79.0) 12 (21.0)
Insurancec    
 Private 282 (38.0) 255 (90.4) 27 (9.6)
 Public 84 (11.3) 64 (76.2) 20 (23.8)
 Uninsured/unknown 377 (50.7) 308 (81.7) 69 (18.3)
CD4 count, cells/uLc    
 < 200 244 (33.7) 211 (86.5) 33 (13.5)
 ≥ 200 481 (66.3) 404 (84.0) 77 (16.0)
Viral loadc    
 < 200 18 (2.5) 15 (83.3) 3 (16.7)
 ≥ 200 709 (97.5) 603 (85.0) 106 (15.0)
Depressionc,d    
 Yes 251 (33.7) 211 (84.1) 40 (16.0)
 Mild/No 462 (61.5) 387 (83.8) 75 (16.2)
 Unknown 36 (4.8) 31 (86.1) 5 (13.9)
Drug usec,e    
 Current 129 (17.1) 103 (79.8) 26 (20.2)
 Past/never 609 (81.4) 515 (81.9) 94 (15.4)
 Unknown 11 (1.5) 11 (100.0) 0 (0)
At risk alcohol usec,f,g    
 Yes 253 (34.0) 209 (82.6) 44 (17.4)
 No/Low 477 (64.2) 408 (85.5) 44 (14.5)
 Unknown 13 (1.7) 10 (76.9) 3 (23.1)
Number of MHCsc,h    
 0 307 (41.3) 259 (84.4) 48 (15.6)
 1 270 (36.3) 235 (87.0) 35 (13.0)
 2 138 (18.6) 113 (81.9) 25 (18.1)
 3 28 (3.8) 20 (71.4) 8 (28.6)
Mental healthcare utilizationi    
 0 559 (75.2) 461 (82.5) 98 (17.5)
 1–2 98 (13.2) 84 (85.7) 14 (14.3)
 3 + 86 (11.6) 82 (95.4) 4 (4.6)
  1. IVDU intravenous drug use, MHC mental health co-morbidities, MSM men who have sex with men, SD standard deviation, UAB University of Alabama at Birmingham (Birmingham, AL, USA)
  2. aTreatment naïve and newly engaged in care
  3. bDefinition: at least two primary care appointments being attended within a period of 12 months but separated by at least 90 days
  4. cMeasured at baseline (time of clinic enrollment interview)
  5. dPatient Health Questionnaire-9
  6. eAlcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test
  7. fAlcohol use disorder identification test-consumption
  8. gDrug use excludes marijuana
  9. hMeasured as total count of depression, drug use, and alcohol use
  10. iMeasured within 12 months