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Table 2 Causes of hospitalization in HIV patients in Medellín, Colombia from August 2014 to July 2015 (N = 551)

From: Hospitalization causes and outcomes in HIV patients in the late antiretroviral era in Colombia

Variable n (%)
AIDS defining illnessa 301 (54.6)
Tuberculosis 128 (23.3)
 Extrapulmonary tuberculosis 84 (15.2)
 Pulmonary tuberculosis 44 (8.0)
Esophageal candidiasis 56 (10.1)
Toxoplasma encephalitis 43 (7.8)
Disseminated histoplasmosis 39 (7.1)
CMV infection 36 (6.5)
Extrapulmonary cryptococcosis 32 (5.8)
Pneumonia by P. jiroveci 32 (5.8)
Lymphomab 27 (4.9)
Kaposi’s sarcoma 11 (2.0)
Herpes simplex > 1 month 10 (1.8)
Cryptosporidiosis > 1 month 10 (1.8)
HIV Encephalopathy 8 (1.4)
Wasting syndrome 7 (1.3)
MAC 4 (0.7)
Recurrent salmonellosis 2 (0.3)
Adverse drug effect 39 (7.1)
Non-AIDS-defining illness but related to HIV 35 (6.2)
Another cause of hospitalization not related to HIV 176 (31.9)
 Bacterial infection 61 (11.0)
 Othersc 115 (20.9)
  1. aThe total percentage exceeds 100% because some patients had > 1 defining illness
  2. bBurkitt lymphoma, primary central nervous system lymphoma, immunoblastic lymphoma
  3. cOther: gastrointestinal, neurological, hematological and cardiac alterations, viral infection, pneumopathy, reactive lymphadenopathy