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Table 2 Factors related to HIV sero-discordant/concordant status

From: HIV sero-discordance among married HIV patients initiating anti-retroviral therapy in northern Vietnam

Characteristics Variable Concordance N = 121 Discordance N = 167 Adjusted odds ratio
N (%) 95% CI N (%) 95% CI (95% CI) p value
Sex Male 62 (29%) 23–35 154 (71%) 65–77 1  
Female 59 (82%) 71–90 13 (18%) 10–29 4.8 (2.0–11.4) <0.001
Education Secondary or less 56 (40%) 32–49 84 (60%) 51–68 1  
High school 45 (39%) 30–48 71 (61%) 52–70 1.2 (0.6–2.3) NS
College/university 20 (63%) 44–78 12 (37%) 22–56 3.2 (1.2–8.7) 0.025
Occupation Unemployed 14 (27%) 16–41 38 (73%) 59–84 0.8 (0.3–1.9) NS
Employed 107 (45%) 39–52 129 (55%) 48–61 1  
Having children Yes 89 (40%) 34–47 132 (60%) 53–66 1  
No 32 (48%) 36–60 35 (52%) 40–64 1.3 (0.6–2.7) NS
Resident’s area Dong Trieu 25 (68%) 50–81 12 (32%) 19–49 5.2 (1.7–15.4) 0.003
Uong Bi 20 (47%) 31–62 23 (53%) 38–69 2.5 (0.997–6.5) 0.051
Yen Hung 16 (46%) 29–63 19 (54%) 37–71 2.4 (0.9–6.8) NS
Ha Long 60 (35%) 28–42 113 (65%) 58–72 1  
Mode of HIV infection Sexual intercourse 85 (60%) 51–68 57 (40%) 32–48 1  
IDU 26 (21%) 14–29 100 (79%) 71–86 0.4 (0.2–1.1) NS
Do not know 10 (42%) 23–63 14 (58%) 37–77 0.6 (0.2–2.0) NS
Hepatitis coinfection Yes 29 (32%) 23–42 62 (68%) 54–77 0.6 (0.3–1.3) NS
No 92 (47%) 40–54 105 (53%) 46–60 1  
History of IDU Yes 31 (22%) 16–30 109 (78%) 70–84 0.6 (0.3–1.3) NS
No 90 (61%) 52–69 58 (39%) 31–48 1  
Clinical stage Stage 3 or 4 68 (49%) 40–57 71 (51%) 43–59 1  
Stage 1 or 2 53 (36%) 28–44 96 (64%) 56–72 0.9 (0.4–1.7) NS
Duration of known HIV infection ≥2 years 80 (46%) 39–54 93 (54%) 46–61 1 NS
<2 year 41 (36%) 27–45 74 (64%) 55–73 0.6 (0.3–1.3) NS
History of TB Yes 10 (25%) 13–41 30 (75%) 58–87 1  
No 111 (45%) 39–51 137 (55%) 49–61 0.2 (0.05–0.8) 0.026
CD4 cell count ≥100/µl 73 (52%) 43–60 68 (48%) 40–57 1  
<100/µl 48 (33%) 25–41 99 (67%) 59–75 1.1 (0.6–2.2) NS
Viral load ≥100,000 copies/ml 40 (39%) 29–49 63 (61%) 51–70 1.1 (0.5–2.1) NS
<100,000 copies/ml 81 (44%) 37–51 104 (56%) 49–63 1