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Table 3 Alcohol use, STI symptoms and HIV infections

From: Targeting vulnerable populations: a synthetic review on alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among migrant populations

Authors Sample Alcohol patterns measurements Alcohol-related sexual risks Association: alcohol use and sexual risk
Surrat [33] 101 Female migrant sex workers
Mean age: 31
Cross-sectional/global association study
USA Virgin Island
Life time alcohol use STI Migrant female workers also disclosed alcohol consumers were much more likely to report current STI symptoms than non-drinkers (OR 4.97 CI 1.51–16.20 p < 0.01)
Zuma et al. [34] 835 Female circular migrant women
Cross-sectional/global association study
South Africa
Frequency of alcohol use HIV prevalence Findings of this study showed that drinking alcohol at least once a day over a 4 week period was associated with HIV prevalence (OR 1.92 CI 1.57–3.19) p < 0.011)
Nichols et al. [36] Predominantly Male work migrants;
N = 9 neighborhoods in the town
Ecological study
Namibia
Visiting of registered and unregistered drinking establishments HIV infection Increased prevalence of HIV was observed in neighbourhoods with high density of drinking establishments compared to those with a low density. This connection was even stronger when there was a high prevalence of unregistered drinking establishments known as shebeens (OR 3.02, CI 2.04-4.47; OR 1.71, CI 1.4; OR 1.55, CI 1.19–2.02)
Wilson et al. [32] 128 male Mexican immigrants
Age: 18–60
Cross-sectional study/global studies
USA
Frequency of alcohol use Sex with FSWs and STIs Immigrant Latino men who consumed alcohol 5 or more days per week had higher odds of reporting STIs (38 vs. 7.1 %, OR 7.8 CI 2.19–27.80, p < 0.002) than those who consumed alcohol less than 5 days a week