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Table 5 Multivariate predictors of CD4 change at 24 months in HIV-infected individuals at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, January 2006 to December 2011

From: Nutritional status and its effect on treatment outcome among HIV infected clients receiving HAART in Ethiopia: a cohort study

Variables Numbers of patients B [95 % CI] p value
Age 340 −2.11 [−3.556, −0.665] 0.005
Sex
 Female 200 Reference  
 Male 140 −104.31 [−170.702, −37.923] 0.002
Marital status
 Single 43 45.10 [−66.086, 156.294] 0.424
 Married 116 138.56 [42.449, 234.655] 0.005
 Divorced 44 52.47 [−55.935, 160.873] 0.340
 Widowed 22 Reference  
Baseline HAART    
 Stavudine based 219 87.49 [5.960, 169.015] 0.036
 Zidovudine based 72 16.31 [−75.057, 107.678] 0.724
 Tenofovir based 49 Reference  
BMI
 <18.5 170 −22.42 [−81.040, 36.202] 0.451
 ≥18.5 170 Reference  
Educational level
 Not educated 69 −86.18 [−195.893, 23.534] 0.123
 Elementary 122 12.63 [−89.442, 114.698] 0.807
 Secondary 106 −38.30 [−139.605, 63.006] 0.456
 Tertiary 42 Reference  
Base line CD4
 <100 5 83.84 [−127.555, 295.233] 0.434
 100–199 94 87.16 [−122.670, 296.992] 0.413
 200–350 139 24.14 [−184.264, 232.534] 0.819
 >350 102 Reference