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Table 2 Characteristics of mothers and infants included in the study during the specified study period (2006–2014) at the PMTCT/ART center of Bishoftu Hospital

From: Early infant diagnosis of HIV infection using DNA-PCR at a referral center: an 8 years retrospective analysis

Variable Frequency (N) Percentage (%)
Sex
Male 323 51.8
Female 301 48.2
Place of birth
Health facility 525 84.1
Home 55 8.8
Unknown 44 7.1
Type of infant feeding
Exclusive breast feeding 494 79.2
Exclusive complementary feeding 91 14.6
Mixed feeding 29 4.7
Weaned of breast feeding 2 0.3
Mothers CD4 during ANC a
Less than 100 15 2.4
101–300 73 11.7
301–500 124 19.9
More than 500 182 29.2
Mother clinical stage during ANC
WHO stage 1 224 35.9
WHO stage 2 104 16.7
WHO stage 3 100 16
WHO stage 4 9 1.4
Undocumented 187 70
PMTCT intervention in the mother
None/unknown 279 44.7
Yes 345 55.3
Type of PMTCT intervention (mother)
AZTb only 50 8
HAARTc 295 47.3
None 105 16.8
Missing 174 27.9
Infant PMTCT intervention
Sd NVPd 26 4.2
Sd NVP + AZT 279 44.7
NVP for 6 weeks 179 28.7
NVP >6 weeks 12 1.9
None 90 14.4
Missing 38 6.1
Mother ANC
Yes 86 13.8
No 388 62.2
Missing 150 24
  1. aAntenatal care
  2. bZidovudine
  3. cHighly active antiretroviral therapy
  4. dNevirapine