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Table 5 Recommendations on the CD4 cell count, HIV viral monitoring, and other tests

From: Guidelines for antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infected adults and adolescents 2014, Thailand

Laboratory testing At entry into care First year of ART After first year
CD4 cell count At entry At 6 and 12 months At 6 and 12 months until CD4 count > 350 cells/mm3 with viral load <50 copies/ml and once a year afterward.
Plasma HIV viral load - At 3 and 6 months Every 12 months if viral load <50 copies/ml
HBsAg At entry - -
Anti-HCV At entry - -
VDRL At entry - -
ALT At entry If indicated At entry
Creatinine At entry At 6 and 12 months Every 12 months or if indicated
Total cholesterol High risk group Every 12 months or if indicated Every 12 months or if indicated
Fasting blood sugar High risk group Every 12 months or if indicated Every 12 months or if indicated
Urinalysis At entry Every 12 months or if indicated Every 12 months or if indicated