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Table 2 Recommendations for antiretroviral therapy initiation in Thai HIV-infected adolescents and adults with active major opportunistic infections

From: Guidelines for antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infected adults and adolescents 2014, Thailand

Opportunistic infections ≤ 50 cells/mm 3 > 50 cells/mm 3
More severe* Less severe
Tuberculosis Within 2 weeks Within 2 weeks Between 2–8 weeks
Cryptococcosis Between 4–6 weeks
Pneumocystis pneumonia Between 2–4 weeks
Mycobacterium avium complex infection
Cytomegalovirus infection As soon as possible
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
Cryptosporidium infection
  1. *More severe clinical disease was defined as low Karnofsky score, low body mass index [BMI], low hemoglobin, low albumin, organ system dysfunction, or extent of disease.