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Table 1 Recommendations for antiretroviral therapy initiation in Thai HIV-infected adolescents and adults

From: Guidelines for antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infected adults and adolescents 2014, Thailand

Recommendations Remarks
Recommend initiating antiretroviral therapy for all HIV-infected patients regardless of CD4 cell count, especially focus on the patients with CD4 ≤ 500 cells/mm3 In case of CD4 > 500 cells/mm3, taking into account the following issues
      - Patients have to understand the benefit and side effects of treatment as well as adhering to the regimens
      - Patients may decide to postpone antiretroviral therapy
      - Assess the readiness of the patients to start antiretroviral therapy
      - In case of asymptomatic HIV-infected patients, the major benefit is to decrease rate of HIV transmission