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Table 1 Patients demographic and baseline characteristics, HIV Patients on ART, South Africa 2007-2012

From: An assessment of adverse drug reactions among HIV positive patients receiving antiretroviral treatment in South Africa

Characteristics Total (%) Patients with adverse drug effects (%)
   0 ADR → 1 st ADR 1 st ADR → 2 nd ADR 2 st ADR → 3 nd ADR
Overall 590 (100) 217 (100) 61 (100) 24 (100)
Gender     
Male 192 (33) 61 (28) 16 (26) 5 (21)
Female 398 (67) 156 (72) 45 (74) 19 (79)
Age at clinic visit     
30 and less 87 (15) 22 (10) 2 (3) 0 (0)
31 – 37 183 (31) 64 (29) 14 (23) 5 (21)
38 – 44 154 (26) 70 (32) 24 (39) 10 (42)
45+ 166 (28) 61 (28) 21 (34) 9 (37)
Clinic     
Clinic A 188 (32) 32 (15) 5 (8) 1(4)
Clinic B 31 (5) 4 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Clinic C 318 (54) 162 (75) 48 (79) 19 (79)
Clinic D 53 (9) 19 (9) 8 (13) 4 (17)
ART regimens     
1a (d4T, 3TC, EFZ)* 402 (68) 144 (66) 38 (62) 12 (50)
1b (d4T, 3TC, NVP)* 67 (11) 20 (9) 3 (5) 1(4)
1c (AZT, 3TC, EFZ)* 46 (8) 25 (12) 12 (20) 4 (17)
Others 75 (13) 28 (13) 8 (13) 7 (29)
Year started ART     
Before 2009 194 (33) 94 (43) 40 (66) 21 (88)
2009 and after 396 (67) 123 (57) 21 (34) 3 (13)
  1. *d4T = Stavudine; 3TC = Lamivudine; EFZ = Efavirenz; NVP = Nevarapine; AZT = Zidovudine.