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Table 2 Predictors of mortality among a sample of HIV infected cohorts on anti-retroviral treatment in eastern Ethiopia

From: Predictors of mortality among HIV infected patients taking antiretroviral treatment in Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Independent variables Unadjusted HR (95% CI) P-value ¥Adjusted HR (95% CI) P-value
Age 1.02 (0.99–1.04) 0.131 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.156
Sex     
 Male 1.00   1.00  
 Female 1.05 (0.68–1.64) 0.819 1.16 (0.68–2.00) 0.584
Religion     
 Muslim 1.00   1.00  
 Christian 0.85 (0.51–1.42) 0.539 0.98 (0.55–1.75) 0.939
Employment     
 Employed 1.00   1.00  
 Not employed 1.05 (0.66–1.67) 0.827 0.94 (0.58–1.52) 0.788
Marital status     
 Not married 1.00   1.00  
 Married 0.92 (0.60–1.41) 0.694 0.97 (0.60–1.56) 0.884
Education     
 No education 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 1.58 (0.79–3.16) 0.193 2.79 (1.26–6.16) 0.011
 Secondary or above 1.42 (0.70–2.87) 0.331 1.40 (0.61–3.22) 0.435
Baseline functional status     
 Working 1.00   1.00  
 Ambulatory 1.28 (0.77–2.13) 0.337 1.14 (0.64–2.04) 0.651
 Bedridden 5.33 (3.05–9.30) 0.000 4.09 (2.12–7.90) 0.000
10% weight loss     
 No 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 4.41 (1.08–17.92) 0.038 4.93 (1.20–20.41) 0.027
CD4 category     
 ≤ 200 1.00   1.00  
 201–300 0.42 (0.19–0.92) 0.029 0.40 (0.17–0.93) 0.034
 >300 0.67 (0.24–1.82) 0.428 0.86 (0.30–2.41) 0.77
WHO category     
 Stage I and II 1.00   1.00  
 Stage III 1.35 (0.77–2.36) 0.294 1.60 (0.85–3.04) 0.15
 Stage IV 3.35 (1.80–6.24) 0.000 3.19 (1.51–6.76) 0.002
  1. ¥Global test of proportionality of hazards derived from Schoenfeld residuals not significant (df = 13, ch2 = 13, p = 0.108).