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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of malnutrition and diarrhea outcomes in a cohort of infants in a Zanmi Lasante PMTCT program and community controls in rural Haiti

From: HIV-free survival and morbidity among formula-fed infants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in rural Haiti

Variable Outcome
  Moderate Malnutrition (Z Score ≤ 2 SD) Diarrhea in the previous 2 weeks
  Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Group   0.8447   < 0.0001
Community Control 1.05 (0.67, 1.64)   2.88 (1.79, 4.63)  
PMTCT Infant 1.00   1.00  
Guardian's education level   0.0015   0.8042
None 2.09 (1.33, 3.28)   1.06 (0.67, 1.66)  
Any education 1.00   1.00  
Mother's Civil Status   0.7189   0.6867
Married or civil partnership 1.10 (0.65, 1.88)   0.90 (0.53, 1.53)  
Divorced, separated, widowed or single 1.00   1.00  
Food insecurity score 0.99 (0.95, 1.04) 0.7692 1.07 (1.02, 1.12) 0.0107
  1. CI = Confidence Interval
  2. SD = Standard Deviation