Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate analysis of nutrition outcomes comparing infants in a Zanmi Lasante PMTCT program to matched community controls in rural Haiti

From: HIV-free survival and morbidity among formula-fed infants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in rural Haiti

Z Score
  PMTCT Infants Community Controls Univariate P value*
World Health Organization age categories (months) Median Z Score (SD) Proportion ≤ 2 SD
(95% CI)
Proportion ≤ 3 SD
(95% CI)
Median Z Score (SD) Proportion ≤ 2 SD
(95% CI)
Proportion ≤ 3 SD
(95% CI)
Median Z Score (SD) Proportion ≤ 2 SD
(95% CI)
Proportion ≤ 3 SD
(95% CI)
0-60 (All) -1.01 (1.32) 25.6 (19.4, 31.8) 7.2 (3.5, 11.0) -1.10 (1.23) 25.0 (19.1, 30.9) 4.0 (1.2, 6.8) 0.46 0.89 0.14
12-23 -0.08 (1.11) 0.0 (0.0, 4.2) 0.0 (0.0, 4.2) -0.99 (1.15) 16.0 (0.0, 32.4) 0.0 (0.0, 2.0) 0.03 0.14 n/a
24-35 -1.03 (1.38) 24.2 (14.8, 33.5) 7.7 (1.7, 13.7) -1.01 (1.33) 23.2 (14.1, 32.2) 5.3 (0.2, 10.3) 0.93 0.87 0.50
36-47 -1.17 (1.33) 33.8 (22.3, 45.2) 8.1 (1.2, 15.0) -1.34(1.17) 35.2 (23.4, 47.0) 2.8 (0.0, 7.4) 0.41 0.86 0.16
48-60 -0.95 (1.04) 20.0 (4.0, 36.0) 6.7 (0.0, 17.3) -0.94 (1.12) 15.2 (1.4, 28.9) 6.1 (0.0, 15.7) 0.98 0.61 0.92
  1. * PMTCT compared to community controls
  2. CI = Confidence Interval
  3. SD = Standard Deviation