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Table 2 Characteristics and factors associated with late presentation for newly HIV diagnosis in Barcelona (Spain), 2001-2009

From: Epidemiological characteristics and predictors of late presentation of HIV infection in Barcelona (Spain) during the period 2001-2009

Characteristics Total N = 2507 Late presenters (%) Unadjusted OR (CI) p value Adjusted OR (CI) p value
Sex       
Male 2097 1153 (55.0) 1 0.18   
Female 410 240 (58.5) 1.16 (0.93-1.44)    
Age at HIV diagnosis*       
All 35.4 (29.6-42.8) 37.9 (31.5-46.2)   0.0001 1.38 (1.27-1.40) <0.0001
Male 35.4 (29.7-42.5) 38.0 (31.8-45.8)     
Female 35.3 (29.4-44.4) 37.7 (30.6-47.2)     
Age (per a 5 yrs increase)       
Region of birth       
Spain 1460 826 (56.6) 1 0.002 1 0.279
Western Europe & North America 166 73 (44.0) 0.60 (0.43-0.84) 0.2 0.83 (0.59-1.16) < 0.0001
Latin America & Caribbean 570 315 (55.3) 0.95 (0.78-1.16) 0.8 1.48 (1.20-1.83) 0.838
Middle East & North Africa 44 26 (59.1) 1.11 (0.58-2.13) 0.02 1.07 (0.56-2.03) 0.002
Sub-Saharan Africa 74 52 (70.3) 1.81 (1.08-3.12) 0.9 2.43 (1.14-4.17) 0.274
Eastern Europe 64 36 (56.3) 0.99 (0.58-1.68) 0.2 1.35 (0.79-2.31) 0.219
Asia 18 13 (72.2) 2.00 (0.66-6.44) 0.05 1.96 (0.67-5.74) 0.107
unknown 111 52 (46.8) 0.68 (0.45-1.01)   0.71 (0.47-1.07)  
Exposure category**       
MSM 1333 636 (47.7) 1 < 0.001 1 < 0.0001
IDU men 252 166 (65.9) 2.12 (1.58-2.83) < 0.001 2.12 (1.57-2.87) < 0.0001
HT men 382 269 (70.4) 2.61 (2.03-3.36) 0.9 1.79 (1.38-2.34) 0.340
IDU women 62 34 (54.8) 1.33 (0.78-2.29) 0.004 1.29 (0.76-2.20) 0.279
HT women 319 181 (56.7) 1.44 (1.12-1.85) < 0.001 1.16 (0.88-1.51) 0.009
unknown 159 107 (67.3) 2.26 (1.57-3.24)   1.63 (1.13-2.37)  
Year of diagnosis       
2001-2003 805 505 (62.7) 1 < 0.001 1 0.001
2004-2005 538 279 (51.2) 0.64 (0.51-0.80) < 0.001 0.67 (0.53-0.85) 0.001
2006-2007 607 319 (52.6) 0.66 (0.53-0.82) < 0.001 0.67 (0.53-0.85) 0.001
2008-2009 557 290 (52.1) 0.65 (0.52-0.81)   0.71 (0.56-0.90)  
  1. *Median (interquartile range). **IDU: injection drug use; MSM:men who have sex with men; HT:heterosexual contact