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Table 1 Pattern of past opportunistic infections and opportunistic infections at time of HAART initiation in HIV- infected patients, at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Immune restoration disease and changes in CD4+ T-cell count in HIV- infected patients during highly active antiretroviral therapy at Zewditu memorial hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Types of previous OIs Frequency (%) Types of OIs at time of HAART initiation Frequency (%)
Herpes zoster 504 (43.2) Candidiasis 431 (37.0)
PTB 236 (20.2) PTB 150 ( 12.9)
EPTB 83 (7.1) EPTB 64 (5.5)
DTB 3 (0.26) DTB 44 ( 3.8)
Candidiasis 189 (16.2) Toxoplasmosis 30 (2.6)
PCP 36 (3.1) Herpes zoster 20(1.7)
Toxoplasmosis 35 (3.0) PCP 7 (0.6)
Cryptococcosis 30(2.6) Herpes simplex 2 (0.17)
Herpes simplex 14 (1.2) Total 748 ( 64.2)
Total 1130(96.9%)   
  1. Keys: OI, opportunistic infection; HAART, highly active antiretroviral therapy; PTB, pulmonary tuberculosis; EPTB, extra pulmonary tuberculosis; DTB, disseminated tuberculosis; PCP, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia.