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Table 2 6-month and 12-month outcomes among a cohort of people living with HIV in Haiti who did and did not receive food assistance

From: Food assistance is associated with improved body mass index, food security and attendance at clinic in an HIV program in central Haiti: a prospective observational cohort study

  6-month outcomes 12-month outcomes
  No food group
(N = 251)
Food Assistance group
(N = 237)
Univariate P value Multivariable P value* No food group
(N = 125)
Food Assistance group
(N = 122)
Univariate P value Multivariable P value*
Change in Food Insecurity Score, mean (SE) -0.16 (0.28) -3.55 (0.33) <0.0001 <0.0001 -1.89 (0.47) -3.49 (0.33) 0.011 0.011
Change in body mass index**, mean (SE) -0.66 (0.13) -0.20 (0.13) 0.012 0.020 -0.67 (0.22) 0.22 (0.17) 0.002 0.036
Adherence to scheduled monthly clinic visits, mean number attended (SE) 2.82 (0.20) 5.49 (0.17) <0.0001 <0.0001 8.34 (0.44) 9.73 (0.32) 0.007 0.033
Change in QOL (role-functioning), mean (SE) -5.08 (3.01) -1.90 (2.98) 0.28 0.84 -3.80 (4.03) 3.72 (3.46) 0.13 0.11
Change in QOL (performance-functioning), mean (SE) 5.31 (1.77) 10.69 (1.99) 0.055 0.009 9.47 (2.67) 8.76 (2.17) 0.48 0.69
Reports problem taking ART, N (%) 41 28.1% 26 14.4% 0.001 0.001 15 18.8% 18 11.0% 0.068 0.075
Was able to save money in case of disaster**, N (%) 66 26.5% 45 19.1% 0.63 0.35 41 33.3% 52 24.9% 0.59 0.42
Spent less money on agriculture to buy food**, N (%) 75 38.1% 57 31.7% 0.58 0.57 37 39.8% 48 25.9% 0.11 0.082
Spent less on education to buy food**, N (%) 84 36.5% 75 33.9% 0.75 0.63 34 30.6% 68 33.7% 0.28 0.25
Sold livestock to buy food, N (%) 43 41.3% 25 24.5% 0.092 0.082 20 38.5% 25 25.0% 0.097 0.11
  1. SE = standard error
  2. ART = antiretroviral therapy
  3. QOL = quality of life
  4. * Controlling for gender, literacy, ART group, number of people sharing meals in the household
  5. ** Sample size varied due to missing survey responses
  6. Limited to those who were on ART
  7. Limited to those who owned livestock