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Table 4 Summary of Antiviral Effects of Lemon and Lime Juice in Cervical Explant Tissues

From: Safety and anti-HIV assessments of natural vaginal cleansing products in an established topical microbicides in vitro testing algorithm

Test Article Unit Concentration p24
Log101
# of donors
Lemon Juice, natural % 1 2.75 1
  % 5 02 ± 0 3
  % 10 0.36 ± 0.5 2
  % 20 0 1
Lemon Juice, neutral pH % 5 3.23 1
  % 10 2.46 ± 0.13 2
Lime Juice, natural % 1 2.61 ± 0.16 2
  % 5 0 ± 0 3
  % 10 0.32 ± 0.55 3
Lime Juice, neutral pH % 1 3.26 ± 0.32 2
  % 5 3.53 1
  % 10 2.22 ± 1.94 3
Untreated HIV-1 Infected Control    3.49 ± 0.54 11
  1. 1Data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation log10 of HIV-1 p24 in each sample.
  2. 20 = Undetectable p24 protein
  3. Juice and vinegar concentrations are expressed as percent (%) solution.