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Table 1 Standardized mortality ratios of dying from diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, or chronic ischemic heart diseases in people with AIDS, according to selected characteristics. Italy, 1999-2006

From: Elevated risks of death for diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases in Italian AIDS cases

   Cause of death
   Diabetes mellitus Myocardial infarction Chronic ischemic heart diseases
  PY Obs Exp SMR
(95% CI)
Obs Exp SMR
(95% CI)
Obs Exp SMR
(95% CI)
Age at AIDS diagnosis
(n° of cases)
          
   <45 (6958) 26389 5 0.36 13.8
(4.4-32)
4 1.97 2.0
(0.5-5.2)
4 0.51 7.8
(2.0-20)
   ≥45 (2704) 8425 9 1.82 4.9
(2.2-9.4)
13 5.34 2.4
(1.3-4.2)
8 3.50 2.3
(1.0-4.5)
Sex (n° of cases)           
   Male (7511) 26962 14 1.97 7.1
(3.9-11.9)
14 7.01 2.0
(1.1-3.4)
9 3.81 2.4
(1.1-4.5)
   Female (2151) 7851 0 0.21 0 3 0.30 9.9
(1.9-29)
3 0.20 14.9
(2.8-44)
HIV-transmission category (n° of cases)           
   Intravenous drug user (4040) 14235 5 0.28 18.2
(5.7-43)
5 1.42 3.5
(1.1-8.3)
4 0.41 9.7
(2.5-25)
   Homosexual man (1741) 6512 2 0.61 3.3
(0.3-12.1)
0 2.08 0 3 1.14 2.6
(0.5-7.8)
   Heterosexual (3297) 12121 5 1.06 4.7
(1.5-11.1)
10 3.14 3.2
(1.5-5.9)
3 1.99 1.5
(0.3-4.5)
   Other (584) 1945 2 0.24 8.5
(0.8-31)
2 0.67 3.0
(0.3-10.9)
2 0.47 4.2
(0.4-15.6)
Total (9662) 34814 14 2.18 6.4
(3.5-10.8)
17 7.31 2.3
(1.4-3.7)
12 4.01 3.0
(1.5-5.2)
  1. SMR = Standardized mortality ratio; PY = Person Years; Obs = Observed; Exp = Expected; CI = Confidence interval