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Table 2 Prevalence of traditional vascular risk factors in each series.

From: Ankle-brachial index in HIV infection

Risk factor (prevalence in %) Sharma et al [25] Periard et al [22] Bernal et al [24] Gutiérrez et al [26] Palacios et al [23] Olalla
et al[27]
Diabetes 9.7 4.3 17.6 10.1 31.3 2
Hypertension 23.4 27.2 57.1 28.8 36.4 4.1
Dyslipidaemia NM NM 69.2 NM 69.4 18.4
Hypertriglyceridemia 13.4 35.9 NM NM NM NM
High LDL cholesterol 6 17.4 NM NM NM NM
Low HDL cholesterol 26.2 13 NM NM NM NM
Cigarette smoking 43.5 62 72.5 61.1 30.3 59.9
Family history of cardiovascular events NM 22.8 19.8 10.8 15.2 2.7
  1. NM: not mentioned.