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Table 4 Multivariate analyses of predictors for HIV infection among pregnant women in Moshi Tanzania.

From: HIV among pregnant women in Moshi Tanzania: the role of sexual behavior, male partner characteristics and sexually transmitted infections

Predictor Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Age (years)
   14 – 19 1   
   20 – 24 2.45 (1.19 – 5.07) 0.015
   25 – 29 4.77 (2.27 – 10.03) <0.001
   30 – 34 3.92 (1.74 – 8.86) 0.001
   35 – 39 3.73 (1.29 – 10.81) 0.02
Years of residence in Moshi
   3 + 1   
   1 – 2 years 2.23 (1.36 – 3.66) 0.002
   <year 2.49 (1.26 – 4.91) 0.008
Number of lifetime partners
   1 1   
   2 3.29 (2.10 – 5.17) <0.001
   3 4.08 (2.33 – 7.14) <0.001
   4 or more 6.11 (2.97 – 12.57) <0.001
Age at first sex (years)
   19 + 1   
   9 – 15 years 1.81 (1.06 – 3.11) 0.03
Partner has women outside the relationship
   No 1   
   Don't know 2.70 (1.60 – 4.57) 0.001
   Yes 15.11 (8.39 – 27.20) <0.001
Partner consumes alcohol
   No 1   
   Daily 1.70 (1.06 – 2.67) 0.03
Partner travel frequently (≥4 times/month)
   No 1   
   Yes 1.79 (1.22 – 2.65) 0.003
Partner's occupation
   Professional 1   
   Army/police/security guard 2.56 (0.62 – 10.57) 0.19
   Tour guide/miner 3.02 (0.79 – 15.11) 0.11
Partner as 1 st person wished to share HIV results with
   Yes 1   
   No 1.71 (1.03 – 2.84) 0.04
Genital ulcer at examination
   No 1   
   Yes 2.92 (1.07 – 7.94) 0.03
Bacterial vaginosis
   No 1   
   Yes 2.00 (1.36 – 2.95) <0.001
Active syphilis
   No 1   
   Yes 4.41 (1.22 – 15.95) 0.02
HSV-2
No 1   
Yes 1.36 (1.01 – 1.98) 0.04
  1. Adjusted for all the variables in the table plus marital status, polygamy, number of pregnancies, history of STIs, report of vaginal discharge/itch and male partners age and report of verbal or physical abuse.
  2. Adjusted for all the variables in the table